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An investigation into the relationship between parental attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state

Abstract

This study was on An investigation into the relationship between parental  attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state.The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools Langtang south LGA of plateau state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up principals, teachers, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.

Chapter one

Introduction

1.1Background of the study

Family is a fundamental factor which contributes to child development. For a child, family is the first social and educational environment. Therefore, a right beginning is the one that makes the most important part of child’s education. Educational influences of families on children may manifest either directly through more or less directed actions, or indirectly – through behaviour models offered by family members and through the existing psychosocial climate in the family. The more or less conscious educational strategies of families largely determine personality development and educational achievement of children

The term attitude refers to a favorable or unfavorable evaluative reaction towards something or someone exhibited in one’s beliefs, feelings, or intended behavior. It is a social orientation an underlying inclination to respond to something either favorably or unfavorably. Parents’ attitude towards education influences their involvement in education matters. Parental involvement in education is the participation of parents in regular meaningful communication that involves student academic learning and other school activities including ensuring that parents play an integral role in assisting their children’s learning at home and at school (Starkey & Kleir, 2000).

When parents fail to be involved in education of their children to specified levels, the law considers that to be parental negligence. According to Kafas (2009), parental negligence is the failure of a parent in meeting a child’s basic, physical or psychological needs likely to result in serious impairment of the child’s health or development. Kafas (2009) argues that if a parent fails to provide adequate food, shelter, clothing plus offering protection for the child from physical harm or danger, or failing to ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment then that particular parent has neglected his or her duty. A parent should be able to meet educational, emotional, psychological, physical, material, social and spiritual needs of the child under his or her care (Chrispell & River, 2001).

Moreover, Hountenvilli and Conway (2008) conducted a research on how parental involvement impacts on academic achievement. The results showed that parental involvement in education has a strong positive effect on student achievements. Hountenvilli and Conway (2008) based at the University of New Hampshire observed that higher academic achievement of students was due to parents spending more time talking to their children during dinner time to understand their worries and fears. The research proved that the most effective forms of parent’s involvement are those which engage parents in working directly with their children in learning activities at home. Decades of research by Hountenvilli and Conway (2008) showed that when parents are fully involved in education process; students get higher grades, graduation rates are high, better school attendance is realized, increased student motivation to self driven academic orientation is realized, students have a better self esteem, lower rates of suspension are evident, use of drugs and alcohol is decreased, and we have fewer instances of violent behaviour.

It has been shown by various studies that most of the children who are successful, great achievers, and well adjust come from the families where sustaining, wholesome relationship exists. So, it is home which sets the pattern for a child’s attitude towards people and society, aids intellectual growth in the child and supports his aspirations and achievements. A highly significant, positive relationship between the variables of academic achievement and family scores has been assessed (Shasha and Shama, 1984). Based on this background the researcher wants to investigate into the relationship between parental attitude and students’ academic performance

Statement of the problem

The expectation nowadays is that every individual should aspire to be an achiever, and the key criteria to judge one’s level of potentialities and capabilities is perhaps through scholastic academic performance. It has become an index of a child’s future, and it is therefore, putting much of a pressure on the minds of both the children and their parents. The scholastic performance is a function of cognitive and non-cognitive aspects of personality, and is the resultant of various factors like economic, political, social, personal and other environmental factors. There fore the researcher wants to investigate the relationship between parental attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state

Objective of the study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain whether parental attitude can affect academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state
  2. To ascertain the level of involvement of parent in academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state
  3. To ascertain the relationship between Poor parental participation in their children’s education and academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state

Research hypotheses

1.H0:     parental attitude cannot affect academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state.

H1:      parental attitude can affect academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state.

  1. H0:there is no relationship between Poor parental participation in their children’s education and academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state.

H1: there is relationship between Poor parental participation in their children’s education and academic performance of student in Langtang south LGA of plateau state.

Significant of the study

The study will be very significant to students and the ministry of education. The study will give a clear insight on the an investigation into the relationship between parental  attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state. The study will also serve as a reference to other researchers that will embark on the related topic

Scope and limitation of the study

The scope and limitation of the study covers An investigation into the relationship between parental  attitude and students’ academic performance in Langtang south LGA of plateau state. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

Definition of terms

Parental attitude: Parental attitudes constitute the main social influence that the child experiences during his earliest years. These attitudes together with the frustrations they impose, the techniques of control, and the provocatives they offer serve as originative forces on the child’s behavior, especially during the formative years

Academic performance: Academic performance or “academic achievement” is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has attained their short or long-term educational goals. Completion of educational benchmarks such as secondary school diplomas and bachelor’s degrees represent academic achievement

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Disclaimer: This PDF Material Content is Developed by the copyright owner to Serve as a RESEARCH GUIDE for Students to Conduct Academic Research.

You are allowed to use the original PDF Research Material Guide you will receive in the following ways:

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4. Direct citing ( if referenced properly).

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