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Assessment of Customer Satisfaction in Arik Airways limited

Abstract

This study was on Assessment of Customer Satisfaction in Arik Airways limited. The total population for the study is 200 staffs of Arik airline in Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made pilots, customer care officers, senior staffs and junior staffs were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.

 

Chapter one

Introduction

  • Background of the study

The quality of services or products a company or manufacturer offers for sale is the core foundation of the company or manufacturer’s success, Parasuraman et al. (1985). Before a company or manufacturer can survive in a competitive market and achieve their aims and objectives, it must assess itself in terms of products or services offered in the market. The result of such assessment must be either positive or negative depending on the reaction of customer’s present and future buying behavior in the market.

Service quality is one of the major concerns of the service industries such as Airlines Industry because it is basically people oriented. In the service industry, the definition of service quality tends to focus in meeting customers’ needs and their expectations. In order to top deliver and maintain service quality, an organization must first identify what constitutes quality to those whom it serves, Groroos, (1988). Service quality is also referred to as a number of interrelated factors including the way in which individuals are treated by service providers. Thus, it is an outcome of a comparison between expectations of a service and what is perceived to be received, parasuraman et al. (1985).

Continued success therefore depends on passionate pursuit of customers’ satisfaction. It plays a dominant role in the growth and survival of business organizations, which the airline industry is not left out.

Fulmer, (1976) observed that when the quality of services offered by a company satisfies the customer and he/she derived the expected  value from the services offered, he/she would always come back to patronize the organization. The quality of services offered by a company goes a long way in determining the rate of patronage and loyalty of their customers. A satisfied customer talks favorably to others about the company or establishment. Furthermore, Fulmer, in his view ascertained that customers’ good opinion about the company is the most valuable asset the company would ever have. Invariably, whatever the company can do to sustain such good opinion would be of advantage to the organization. Therefore, all efforts should be directed towards the quality of service or products offered to the customers.

In this context therefore, the quality of services or products offered to customers depend on how the customer asses or perceive the product offered in terms failure and utility derived from it.

In the airlines industry, quality of services offered to their numerous customers may promote or inhibit customers’ satisfaction thus having negative or positive effect on the growth and sustenance of the organization. It is therefore expected of Arik Air Contractors as a firm to differentiate itself by delivering consistently higher quality services than its competitors provide. They need to identify what target customers expect in regards to service quality. A customer cannot own a service, neither can the firm that sells it, it lasts for the duration of the use of that service, such as an aircraft flight lasting five hours. The attention to the service needs to focus on that time that the customer is using the service because the customer also knows the duration of that service, their expectations are focus on that period too.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Arik Air contractors has been at the limelight in marketing and promoting airlines industries in Nigeria, but despite the growth and tremendous progress in the industry, the industry is still faced with low level of  service standard as the case may be. This research work is aimed at investigating the service quality of airlines in Nigeria, the kind of impression a customer gets in a particular service that is being rendered in Airlines Company and the customers’ satisfaction.

According to Ebri, U. E. (2003) quality has become a key concern for the operations management. This is so because quality is an economic problem. If a good, service due to good quality of may be that particular airlines.

1.3   OBJECTIVES/PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to carry out a research work on the quality of services rendered by airline operators to their numerous customers.

The research work is aimed at:

  1. Examining how equality of services rendered by airline operators contribute to the satisfaction of their customers.
  2. Determining if the attitude of airlines staff towards their customers influence the choice of airline.

iii. Examining if the high quality services rendered by airline companies lead to satisfaction of customers and promote the repeat visit.

  1. Determining the factors that influence service quality and customers’ satisfaction before, during, and after service encounter in Arik Air contractors.
  2. To examine the cause of dissatisfaction (if any) from customers.

1.5     HYPOTHESIS TO BE TESTED

The following hypothesis will be tested in the null form.

Hypothesis I

Ho:       There is no significant relationship between the quality of service and customers’ satisfaction.

Ho:       There is significant relationship between the quality of service and customers’ satisfaction

Hypothesis II 

Ho:       The attitude of airlines staff towards their customers does not significantly influence the choice of airlines.

Ho:       The attitude of airlines staff towards their customers significantly influence the choice of airlines

1.6     SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

This research work attempts to highlight the service quality of airlines and its effects on customer’s satisfaction. Furthermore, it attempts to analyze other factors influencing the delivery of quality services in airlines industry as well as the process and activities involved in delivering the services. It does not in any way intend to highlight the service quality of all airlines in the country; its focus is on the Arik Air contractors due to the efficiency of the management and activities of its service delivery department. In the course of conducting this research study, certain factors serves as limitations to some extend required of the researcher. Prominent among them are:

Time: Time constraint is a factor that limits the scope of this research. The period of time schedule for this research may not be long enough for proper collection, process, and analysis of data.

Finance:  This is another factor that might limit this research to some extent. There may not be enough funds to go about collecting data from different airlines from far and near, so it is restricted to Arik Air contractor’s airlines alone.

The Respondents’ Response: The researcher would be restricted to work with those responses given by the respondents. Those responses may or may not be genuine and correct, but it is anticipated that favorable and correct responses will be given.

Access to Acquiring Information: there was a problem of not being able to interview the managers of the airlines due to perhaps their busy schedule. Access to get the right interview at the right time may also be the problem. Inability to acquire genuine information from, the customers due to may be tarnishing the image of the airline in case of poor service. Also obtaining information form customers was a very difficult task as they are always busy to catch up with time.

1.8   DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS

Terms repeatedly in use and that are important to this study are defined below in order to bring to the readers and users of the research work a better understanding.

Customer: A customer is a person or an organization that buys products, logistics, and intangible (services) from a shop, store, or business firm or an organization. The word book encyclopedia dictionary (1989).

Customer Satisfaction: This is the feeling or an attitude of a customer towards a service rendered if it has meet his/her expectation after it has been offered. Folmer,(1993).

Service: This can be seen as the act of serving. It can also be seen, as the duty require of servant or other employees. It may also b an act that one party can offer to another that is essentially intangible and does not result in ownership, Kotler (1995).

Quality: This is the value or worth of a product or services.

Service Quality: This is regarded as a customer’s evaluative perception of service encounter at a specific point in time. It is the way a service is created and handled in a manner, knowledge and attitude of the people who deliver it and the environment which I is delivered, Groroos (1988)

Customer Value: This is the extent to which a service product perceived performance matches the buyer’s expectations. If the product, or the services fall short of expectation the customer is dissatisfied, but if the services matches or exceeds expectation, the customer is satisfied.

Product: Means the goods-and-services combination the company offers to the target market for attention, usage, acquisition and consumption which may satisfy wants or needs products includes physical objects, persons, ideas, places, Kotler (1986) etc.

1.9      HISTORICAL PROFILE OF ARIK AIRLINE CONTRACTORS  AIRLINES.

Arik Airline Contractors Company of Nigeria limited or simply called “Arik Air” is a Nigerian airline based at Murtala Muhammad International airport in Lagos State, Nigeria. It operate domestic and international scheduled services, air charter and third  party aircraft operations, largely in support of Nigeria’s extensive oil and gas industry.

Arik Air contractors was formed in 1959 and officially registered in Nigeria in 1960. At that time, it was wholly owned by Schreiner Airways B.V. of the Netherlands. It became a company with initially 40% Nigerian holding in 1973 and subsequently 60% in 1976, anticipating the requirements of the indigenization decree. In January 2004, Schreiner airways was bought by Canadian Helicopter Co- operation (CHC) which acquired 40% holding in Aero while the 60% majority share remain within the Ibru family.

In 2010, Mrs. Cecilia Ibru was convicted of Bank and securities fraud by a former Chief Judge of the Federal High Court, Justice Dan Abitu after she was arrested, detained, and arraigned in court. Faced with total exclusion form her banking constituency, Mrs. Cecilia Ibru who was said to have completed her jail sentence in March has no option but to step into the family airlines business where she presently controls the affairs of the 53 years old aero contractors’ airlines.

Since 2010, the company has been wholly owned by the Ibru family, although Arik Air still has a technical partnership with Canadian Helicopter Corporation (CHC) regarding its rotary wing division.

Arik Air contractors has two divisions:

  • Fixed wing – provides scheduled passenger services in Nigeria and western Africa.
  • Rotary wing – provides helicopter services for the oil and gas industry in Nigeria.

The company have the following key officials – koenNeven (CEO) Chief Executive Officer, Rikkerink (CFO) Chief Flight Officer, Dapo Olumide (Manager Fixed Wing, Mark Snoxell (Business Development Manager), Charles Onychelkwa (HR Director).

a better understanding.

Customer: A customer is a person or an organization that buys products, logistics, and intangible (services) from a shop, store, or business firm or an organization. The word book encyclopedia dictionary (1989).

Customer Satisfaction: This is the feeling or an attitude of a customer towards a service rendered if it has meet his/her expectation after it has been offered. Folmer,(1993).

Service: This can be seen as the act of serving. It can also be seen, as the duty require of servant or other employees. It may also b an act that one party can offer to another that is essentially intangible and does not result in ownership, Kotler (1995).

Quality: This is the value or worth of a product or services.

Service Quality: This is regarded as a customer’s evaluative perception of service encounter at a specific point in time. It is the way a service is created and handled in a manner, knowledge and attitude of the people who deliver it and the environment which I is delivered, Groroos (1988)

Customer Value: This is the extent to which a service product perceived performance matches the buyer’s expectations. If the product, or the services fall short of expectation the customer is dissatisfied, but if the services matches or exceeds expectation, the customer is satisfied.

Product: Means the goods-and-services combination the company offers to the target market for attention, usage, acquisition and consumption which may satisfy wants or needs products includes physical objects, persons, ideas, places, Kotler (1986) etc.

1.9      HISTORICAL PROFILE OF ARIK AIRLINE CONTRACTORS  AIRLINES.

Arik Airline Contractors Company of Nigeria limited or simply called “Arik Air” is a Nigerian airline based at Murtala Muhammad International airport in Lagos State, Nigeria. It operate domestic and international scheduled services, air charter and third  party aircraft operations, largely in support of Nigeria’s extensive oil and gas industry.

Arik Air contractors was formed in 1959 and officially registered in Nigeria in 1960. At that time, it was wholly owned by Schreiner Airways B.V. of the Netherlands. It became a company with initially 40% Nigerian holding in 1973 and subsequently 60% in 1976, anticipating the requirements of the indigenization decree. In January 2004, Schreiner airways was bought by Canadian Helicopter Co- operation (CHC) which acquired 40% holding in Aero while the 60% majority share remain within the Ibru family.

In 2010, Mrs. Cecilia Ibru was convicted of Bank and securities fraud by a former Chief Judge of the Federal High Court, Justice Dan Abitu after she was arrested, detained, and arraigned in court. Faced with total exclusion form her banking constituency, Mrs. Cecilia Ibru who was said to have completed her jail sentence in March has no option but to step into the family airlines business where she presently controls the affairs of the 53 years old aero contractors’ airlines.

Since 2010, the company has been wholly owned by the Ibru family, although Arik Air still has a technical partnership with Canadian Helicopter Corporation (CHC) regarding its rotary wing division.

Arik Air contractors has two divisions:

  • Fixed wing – provides scheduled passenger services in Nigeria and western Africa.
  • Rotary wing – provides helicopter services for the oil and gas industry in Nigeria.

The company have the following key officials – koenNeven (CEO) Chief Executive Officer, Rikkerink (CFO) Chief Flight Officer, Dapo Olumide (Manager Fixed Wing, Mark Snoxell (Business Development Manager), Charles Onychelkwa (HR Director).

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