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Design And Implementation Of An Online Legal Practitioners Representation System (A Case Study Of Afikpo Customary Court Afikpo)

abstract of Design And Implementation Of An Online Legal Practitioners Representation System

Online legal practitioner representation system is a legal platform that is aimed at curtailing the problems encountered in the old system where appellants were compelled to seek for legal representation house by house and often time ending up with lawyers who has no inclination in their area of petition. The system is designed to successfully communicate legal activities on the web by making lawyers’ profile available on the internet for appellants, thereby allowing for a more transparent judicial system. This work was motivated by the author’s love for justice and fairness as many people over the years has lost cases that should have been ruled to their as a result of not having a qualified lawyer. In order to gather valid information, the author had to use both primary and secondary means of data sourcing because he believed there is need for him to hear and as well put himself in the shoes of the appellants by interviewing them, coupled with his previous observation and also consulting published articles related to field under study. The author found out that the inability of most lawyers to effectively represent their client in the lawsuit was a prevalent issue because of their lack of expertise in the said filed suit. The method of design adopted for this project was Iterative System Design and it was implemented using PHP, MySql and CSS. To conclude, integrated documentation and knowledge based computerized services in information system is a tremendous means to help legal professionals in their daily practice and also improve the quality of law firms, therefore, this work is recommended to all law firms, as it would help in building a more interactive legal system.

Table of contents on Design And Implementation Of An Online Legal Practitioners Representation System

Title page


Approval page




Table of Content

List of Tables

List of Figures

Chapter one: Introduction

  • Historical background of the study
  • Statement of the problem
  • Objectives of the study
  • Scope and limitation of the study
  • Importance of the study
  • Definition of terms

Chapter two: Review of related literature

2.1     Legal Aid and Access to Justice

Chapter three: System investigation and analysis

3.1     Applied method of investigation

3.2     Facts identified

3.2.1  Organizational chart

3.2.2  Procedure chart

3.3     Analysis of the current system

3.3.1  Input of the current system

3.3.2  Output of the old system

3.4     proposal of a new system

3.5     benefits of a new system

3.6     approach to the new system

3.7     justification of the new system

Chapter four: Design methodology

  • Objectives of the new system
  • System block diagram

4.2.1 System flowchart

4.2.2 Main menu

4.3 Output design

4.3.1 Output fields description

4.3.2 Output file

4.4 Input design

4.5 Program design

4.6 Database Design

4.6.1 Entity Relationship Diagram

4.6.2 Database structure

4.7 Flowcharts of the modules to be programmed

4.8 Data dictionary

4.9 Programming language of choice

Chapter five: System documentation and implementation

5.1 Hardware operating system requirement for the system to run

5.2 Software requirement

  • How to install the system
  • Training of the system’s administrator
  • Implementation details
  • System testing
  • File conversion
  • Change over procedure


  • Maintenance Details

Chapter six: Summary, conclusion and recommendation

  • Summary
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendatio


Appendix A

Appendix B



LIST OF TABLES                         

Table 4.1: Output field description

Table. 4.2: Input Fields Description

Table 4.3: Description of database fields

Table 4.4: A Data Dictionary Table



Fig. 3.1: Organizational Chart of Customary Court, Afikpo

Fig. 3.2: Procedural Chart of the Old System

Fig. 4.1: Iterative system design model

Fig. 4.2: A System Block Diagram

Fig. 4.3: A System Flowchart

Fig. 4.4: System’s Main Menu

Fig. 4.5: A Typical Output File

Fig. 4.6: Database design

Fig. 4.7: ER Diagram

Fig. 4.8: The Home module flowchart

Fig. 4.9: The About Us module flowchart

Fig. 4.10. The search result module’s flowchart

Fig. 4.11. The Create Account Module flowchart

Fig. 4.12. The member login module’s flowchart

Fig. 4.13. The Admin login module’s flowchart

Fig. 4.14. The profile module’s flowchart.

Fig. 4.15. The member_db module’s flowchart.

Fig. 5. Home module’s screen shut

Fig. 6. About module’s screen shut

Fig. 7. Searchresult module’s screen shut

Fig. 8. Create Account module’s screen shut

Fig. 9. Login module’s screen shut

Fig. 10. Profile module’s screen shut

Fig. 11. Edit Profile module’s screen shut

Fig. 11. Member_Db module’s screen shut

Chapter one of Design And Implementation Of An Online Legal Practitioners Representation System


For most people, hiring a lawyer is one of the things they wish they never have to go through because it involves a big commitment of employing another individual to represent your interest adequately by ensuring that whatever reason you employed them for, is achieved quickly and smoothly. Understanding the scope of the issue for which one wishes to hire a lawyer is always pertinent as it usually helps to know the kind of lawyer to look for.

The online legal practitioner representation system is a legal platform that is aimed at ameliorating the problem encountered in the old system where both search parties (appellants and respondents) limited their search scheme to only asking for recommendation of a good lawyer; usually from their friends and relatives who has had similar needs in the past. This method of asking for recommendation for a good lawyer has for long left the search parties at mercies of lawyers who has no inclination (expertise) on the said filed suit, thereby resulting to inefficient representation. To solve the above problem of inefficient legal representation, this system makes available the profile of lawyers (Barristers and Solicitors) on the internet for the general public, thereby enabling them to make a better choice as to the lawyer that will best suit their need, after comparing the available profiles.

The online legal practitioner representation system cuts across all facets of life where law plays a role and other activities which postulates and requires the use of legal knowledge and skill which adopts legal process.

  • Historical Background of the Study

Over the years, people in a quest to be effectively represented in a lawsuit, has limited their search scheme to only asking people to recommend a lawyer for them, usually because they have once had issues that required the services of a lawyer in the past.

There exists tens of thousands of lawyers in Nigeria and getting the one that best suits one’s need has for so long posed an unabatable threat.

The basic interest of a lawyer lies in protecting the interest of his client. Although, they are recognized as “learned fellow”, not all of them are suitable for all cases; lawyers has areas they specialize on. For instance, using a company lawyer for a criminal case, may not really go well as he or she is specialized in protecting the interest (properties, policies, right, etc) of an organization, but using a criminal lawyer will undoubtedly yield a positive result because that is where the lawyer specializes.

Most lawyers over the years has played the defense role inn suits whose scope is beyond their limit (expertise) and lawyers of Customary Court, Afikpo are not exception to this menace, though, such an act is usually triggered by the lawyer’s exigent needs which are capital intensive. Therefore, a system such as the online legal practitioner representation will help curb such menace.

  • Statement of the Problem

The present system used to hire a lawyer in Customary Court, Afikpo could be referred to as the manual system where both the appellants and the respondents goes from house to house seeking for legal representation and this in most cases usually result to a poor representation as they often end up getting a lawyer who is unskilled in their area of filed suit, thereby, making them loose a case that should have been ruled to their favor, had they a skilled lawyer.

  • Objectives of the Study

The objectives of this study are to enhance the concept of using an online legal practitioner representation system in Customary Court, Afikpo. Having such a platform as this running will help to achieve the following objectives

  1. Save the time and resources which appellants and respondents invests all in the name of looking for a lawyer.
  2. Give appellants and respondents equal chances for justices by making lawyers’ profile available for them to easily access.
  • Build a more transparent and interactive judicial system.
    • Scope and Limitation of the Study

This system centers only for Customary Court, Afikpo.

  • Importance of the Study

The benefits derivable from this work includes

  • It will help in ensuring that appellants and respondents hires an advocate who best suits their needs.
  • It will save time and cost of having to spend close to a month to get a good lawyer.
  • There is room for comparison; lawyers’ profile are made public, thereby allowing the users to compare their choices.
    • Definition of Terms
  • A LAWYER: A lawyer is a person who is learned and trained in law. He is qualified to advice people about the law and represent them in the law court.
  • A BARRISTER: A barrister is an individual who specifies proceedings and any appeal brought in connection with those proceedings.
  • APPELLANT: An appellant is one who takes a case to the court. He is also the complainant.
  • RESPONDENT: This is a person who is responding to the complaint. He defends a claim.
  • LITIGATION: This is a process of making or defending a claim (case) in a law court.
  • LEGAL REPRESENTATION: This is a process where a lawyer stands in for his/her client interest in a law suit.
  • JUDGES: The judge leads in a proceeding and has the authority to decide on who the offender is.
  • PROCEEDINGS: This is an activity carried out in a law court in a bid to settle a dispute.
  • APPEAL: This can be a formal request for a judgment to be passed on a case.
  • MOTION: A written or oral application made to a court or judge to obtain a ruling or order directing that some act be done in favor of the applicant. The applicant is known as the ‘’Moving Party” or simply the “Movant”.
  • DEFENDANT: An individual, company or institution sued or accused in a law court.
  • SOLICITOR: A member of the legal profession qualified to deal with conveyancing, the drawing up of wills, and other legal matters. A solicitor may also instruct barristers and represent clients in some courts


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