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Abstract of The Effect Of Coronavirus On Global Economy
This study was on effect of coronavirus on global economy. The study will enlighten on the causes, the effect on global economy and the economic importance. The following objectives were assessed on: To ascertain the threat of coronavirus on global economy, to ascertain the effect of coronavirus on global economy and to find whether is economic importance of coronavirus to the global economy. In line with the objectives hypotheses were formulated and posited.
1.1Background of the study
The ongoing spread of the new coronavirus has become one of the biggest threats to the global economy and financial markets. The virus, first detected in the Chinese city of Wuhan last December, has infected more than 110,000 people in at least 110 countries and territories globally, according to the World Health Organization. Of those infected, more than 4,000 people have died, according to WHO data.
China is where majority of the confirmed cases are more than 80,000 infections have been reported in the mainland so far. To contain the COVID-19 outbreak, Chinese authorities locked down cities, restricted movements of millions and suspended business operations moves that will slow down the world’s second-largest economy and drag down the global economy along the way.
To make things worse, the disease is spreading rapidly around the world, with countries like Italy, Iran and South Korea reporting more than 7,000 cases each. Other European countries like France, Germany and Spain have also seen a recent spike beyond 1,000 cases( https://www.cnbc.com)
From an economic perspective, the key issue is not just the number of cases of COVID-19, but the level of disruption to economies from containment measures,” Ben May, head of global macro research at Oxford Economics, said in a report this week.“ Widespread lockdowns such as those imposed by China have been enacted in some virus hotspots,” he said, adding that such measures if taken disproportionately could induce panic and weaken the global economy even more.
China’s gross domestic product growth saw the largest downgrade in terms of magnitude, according to the report. The Asian economic giant is expected to grow by 4.9% this year, slower than the earlier forecast of 5.7%, said OECD. Meanwhile, the global economy is expected to grow by 2.4% in 2020 down from the 2.9% projected earlier, said the report. The manufacturing sector in China has been hit hard by the virus outbreak.
The Caixin/Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index a survey of private companies showed that China’s factory activity contracted in February, coming in at a record-low reading of 40.3. A reading below 50 indicates contraction. Such a slowdown in Chinese manufacturing has hurt countries with close economic links to China, many of which are Asia Pacific economies such as Vietnam, Singapore and South Korea.
Factories in China are taking longer than expected to resume operations, several analysts said. That, along with a rapid spread of COVID-19 outside China, means that global manufacturing activity could remain subdued for longer, economists said The virus outbreak in China has also hit the country’s services industry as reduced consumer spending hurt retail stores, restaurants and aviation among others. China is not the only country where the services sector has weakened. The services sector in the U.S., the world’s largest consumer market, also contracted in February, according to IHS Markit, which compiles the monthly PMI data.
One reason behind the U.S. services contraction was a reduction in “new business from abroad as customers held back from placing orders amid global economic uncertainty and the coronavirus outbreak,” said IHS Markit.
A reduction in global economic activity has lowered the demand for oil, taking oil prices to multi-year lows. That happened even before a disagreement on production cuts between OPEC and its allies caused the latest plunge in oil prices.
Analysts from Singaporean bank DBS said reduced oil demand from the virus outbreak and an expected increase in supply are a “double whammy” for oil markets. China, the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak, is the world’s largest crude oil importer. “The spread of the virus in Italy and other parts of Europe is particularly worrying and will likely dampen demand in OECD countries as well,” the DBS analysts wrote in a report. Fear surrounding the impact of COVID-19 on the global economy has hurt investor sentiment and brought down stock prices in major markets. Cedric Chehab, head of country risk and global strategy at Fitch Solutions, said there are three ways the coronavirus outbreak could work its way through sentiment in markets. “We have identified three channels through which the COVID-19 outbreak was going to weigh on markets so that’s the slowdown in China, the slowdown from domestic outbreaks … and the third channel was financial markets stress,” he told CNBC’s “Street Signs Asia” this week Concerns over the global spread of the new coronavirus has also driven investors to bid up bond prices, resulting in yields in major economies to inch lower. U.S. Treasurys, which are backed by the American government, are considered safe haven assets that investors tend to flee to in times of market volatility and uncertainty. Fears of the coronavirus impact on the global economy have rocked markets worldwide, plunging stock prices and bond yields.
International Monetary Fund Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva says the outbreak is the world’s “most pressing uncertainty.” The economic disruptions caused by the virus and the increased uncertainty are being reflected in lower valuations and increased volatility in the financial markets( https://www.americanprogress.org)
Statement of the problem
In order to assess the possible impact of the coronavirus on the economy, it is important not only to focus on the epidemiological profile of the virus but also on the ways that consumers, businesses, and governments may respond to it. COVID-19 will most directly shape economic losses through supply chains, demand, and financial markets, affecting business investment, household consumption, and international trade. And it will do so both in traditional, textbook supply-and-demand ways and through the introduction of potentially large levels of uncertainty. Based on this the researcher wants to investigate the effect of coronavirus on global economy
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the threat of coronavirus on global economy
- To ascertain the effect of coronavirus on global economy
- To find whether is economic importance of coronavirus to the global economy
HO: there is no threat of coronavirus on global economy
HI: there is threat of coronavirus on global economy
HO: there is no effect of coronavirus on global economy
HI: there is effect of coronavirus on global economy
Significance of the study
The study will be beneficial to students and general public. The study will give a clear insight on the effect of coronavirus on global economy. The study will enlighten the economic importance of coronavirus. The study will also serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on the related topic.
Scope and limitation of the study
The scope of the study covers effect of coronavirus on global economy. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Coronavirus: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
Global economy: The world economy or global economy is the economy of all humans of the world, considered as the international exchange of goods and services that is expressed in monetary units of account.
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