1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Job life is one of the important parts of our daily lives which cause a great deal of stress. Due to the competitive nature of the job environment, most of the people in the world arc spending their time for job related work purposes resulting in ignoring the stress or influencing that work and life. Usually, people are more worried about the outcome of their work that can even affect the way they treat other people and how they communicate with their peers and. customers.
People react to stress in different ways some coping much better than others and suffering fewer of the harmful effects of stress. Some occupations are more stressful than others. There are various ways that stress symptoms or outcomes are reflected in the workplace. Evidence from a growing body of research suggests that certain individuals in a. variety of occupations/levels of job related stress (Schultz and Schultz, 2002).
Stress is a word derived from the Latin word “Stringere” meaning to draw tight.
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Organization continues to face a lot of management problems that have their roots from occupational stress which are as follows:
i. Role ambiguity, which exist when an individual lacks information about the requirement of his/her role, how those role requirement are to be met and the evaluative procedures available to ensure that the role is being performed successfully.
ii. Bad work relationship
iii. Demand associated with family and finances
iv. Unfair remuneration
v. Role conflict
vi. Pressure originated from workload
vii. Rapidly changing technology which increases the pressure of workforce to perform maximum output and enhance competitiveness
viii. Working conditions including shift and weekend, hours of works, discrimination and safety at the work environment
1.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM AND THE JUSTIFICATION FOR INVESTIGATING IT
The research project will be of great importance and benefit to factory workers organization and as well as general public who will leave the benefit of going through this project work. The study is worth pursuing because; its findings would be beneficial to the society, organization, students, lectures, and individuals in the following works;
(i.) The findings will go a long way in educating the populace on how best to handle stress.
(ii.) Individuals employee will also know how to handle stress positively i.e timing stress to enthusiastic.
(iii.) Organisation especially the key personnel will know what to do to help employees who are experiencing stress.
(iv.) Organisation will understand that stress management in an organization must be handled by professionals.
(v.) Recruitment and selection exercise will be handle with great care and skill.
Above all, chapter two of this study will focus on literature review. For the purpose of the study, the project is intended to dwell upon learned submission of some renounced authors on stress aspect in an organization. Their different position will be perused and comment will be made on each chapter three of the study will focus on summary, conclusion and recommendation.
1.3 RELEVANT RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research questions utilized in this project are:
· Is there any relationship between stress and job satisfaction.
· Does stress really affect job performance of a factory worker?
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The main focus of the study is to determine the effect of stress on job satisfaction of factory workers.
The limitations are that some people do not know they are going though stress as they are already used to their routine work. Others do not want to change in order to adjust their schedules because they are afraid of the outcome. Some people do not know how to manage stress people and its effect.
1.5 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study will limit its scope to the factory workers of organization in Lagos metropolis.
· Thus, inadequacy of time,
· Finance attitude of the respondent,
· And other research related problem such as securing primary data from the company, and as well as lukewarm response from respondents who had questionnaire on time would pose as limitation.
1.6 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
Stress is something that is common to every employee and so it’s not an issue that should be lightly look into the research; while it is really aimed at basically to find out the various forms of stress experienced by workers. It will also examine the effects of stress on performance, turnover and absenteeism of the worker.
The purpose of the study could however be itemized as follows;
(i.) To critically examine the concept of stress and it impact on employee performance.
(ii.) To identify the sources of stress experienced by the worker.
(iii.) To determine and examine ways by which stress could be effectively managed in an organization.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
(i.) Stress: Stress is the wear and tear of our body experienced as are adjust to continually changed environment.
(ii.) Stress Management: This can be define as various effort to control and reduce the tension that occurs in stressful situation.
(iii.) Employee: This is either skilled or unskilled individual who is assured to be economically gesture, and he/she is employed for some form is reward.
(iv.) Work Environment: This is the organizational arrangement of the work situation, which has a high impact on the employee.
(v.) Performance: This is the degree of effectiveness in utilizing the facilities of production, especially in labour and material.
(vi.) Destructive Stress: This is the stress that acts in a dysfunctional way for both individual and the organization.
Akanji S. O. (2003) “Nigeria Business Environment and Ethics” Borj Venture.[email protected][email protected]