Download Business Administration Project Topic Chapter 1-5 titled Effect Effect Of Government Policy On Entrepreneurship Development. View table of contents, abstract and chapter one below.


Business Administration Project Topic Chapter 1-5 titled, Effect Of Government Policy On Entrepreneurship Development .


Title                                                                                                                          Page

Certification                                                                                                                ii

Dedication                                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                      iv

Abstract                                                                                                                      v

Table of Contents                                                                                                       vi-viii


1.0       Introduction                                                                                                    1

1.1       Background to the Study                                                                               1-3                             

1.2       Statement of Research Problem                                                                      3

1.3       Objectives of the Study                                                                                  4

1.4       Research Questions                                                                                         4

1.5       Research Hypotheses                                                                                      4-5

1.6       Significance of the Study                                                                               5

1.7       Limitation of the Study                                                                                  5-6

1.8       Operational Definition of Terms                                                                     6-7                                          


2.0       Introduction                                                                                                    8

2.1       Conceptual Framework                                                                                   8

2.1.1    Concept of Government Policy                                                                      8-11

2.1.2    Types of Policies                                                                                             11-12                          

2.1.3    Role of Government Policy in Nigeria                                                           12                   

2.1.4    Government Role in Development of Entrepreneurship in Nigeria                12-15                          

2.1.5    Government Funding                                                                                      15

2.1.6    Entrepreneur in Innovation and Economic Development                             15-16                          

2.1.7    Entrepreneurship Development and Growth of Enterprises                          16-19

            and Industrial Organization in Nigeria

2.1.8    Best Policies in Developed Countries                                                             19

2.1.9    Impact of Entrepreneurship Development on Nigeria Economy                    19-20

2.2       Theoretical Framework                                                                                   20

2.2.1    System Theory                                                                                                21-22

2.2.2    Elite Theory                                                                                                    22-23                           

2.3       Empirical Review                                                                                            22-26


3.0       Introduction                                                                                                    27

3.1       Research Design                                                                                             27

3.2       Population of the Study                                                                                  27

3.3       Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                    27

3.4       Data Collection Instrument and Instrumentation                                           27

3.5       Reliability and Validity of the Research Instrument                                      28

3.6       Method of Data Analysis                                                                               28


4.0       Introduction                                                                                                    29

4.1       Characteristics of Respondents                                                                      29                   

4.2.1    Respondents Distribution by Age                                                                  29-30  

4.2.2    Respondents by Gender                                                                                 31

4.2.2    Respondents Distribution by Level of Education                                          32                   

4.2.3    Occupation of the Respondent                                                                       33-35                          

4.3       Research Hypotheses                                                                                      35

4.3.1    Research Hypothesis One                                                                               35-37

4.3.2    Research Hypothesis Two                                          `                                   37-38

4.3.3    Research Hypothesis Three                                                                             38-40


5.0       Introduction                                                                                                    41

5.1       Discussion of Findings                                                                                   41-43

5.2       Conclusion                                                                                                      43

5.2       Recommendation                                                                                            43-44

References                                                                                                                  45-46

Appendix                                                                                                                    47                   

Questionnaire                                                                                                              48-50  



The study sought to investigate the effect of government policy on entrepreneurship development in Ifako-Ijaye, Local Government Area, Lagos State. The specific objectives that guided the study are to; ascertain if government policies has significantly impacted on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria; evaluate the relationship between government policies and economic growth in Nigeria; and also ascertain the long-run relationship that exists between government policy and entrepreneurship development in Nigeria The study adopted a descriptive research design using a well structured questionnaire to gather the data.


One hundred and fifty (150) questionnaires were administered, while one hundred (100) was duly completed and returned by the respondents. The data was analyzed with the aid of statistical package for social sciences version 23. Furthermore, the formulated hypotheses are: government policies have no significance effect on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria, there is no significant relationship between government policies and economic growth in Nigeria, and there is no long-run relationship between government policies and entrepreneurship development.


The first hypothesis, government policies have no significance effect on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria was tested with Chi-square test statistics , while the other two hypotheses were tested with Karl Pearson’s Product Correlation Analysis. The result of the first hypothesis showed that there is convincing evidence that government policies have significant effect on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria (P value < 0.05. Since 0.000<0.05).


The result of the second hypothesis also revealed a strong positive association between government policies and economic growth   as the correlation r (63) = .856) with p(0.000)< .001. Lastly, the result of the third hypothesis also revealed that, correlation between government policies and entrepreneurship development was significant, as correlation r (63) = .831, which is interpreted as a very strong positive association between government policies and entrepreneurship development with p(0.000)< .001. Therefore, it is  established that entrepreneurship development is dependent upon government policy as the study revealed that; creation of skill acquisition centers, promulgation of suitable policies, fair tax imposition, were the reason for the reduction in poverty level, increased standard of living as well as reduction in over dependence on paid employment.


The study  therefore recommends that government policies  should increase the creation of skill acquisition centers; encourage fair tax imposition; encourage local technologies, innovations and creativity; and  more importantly government should set up monitoring committee/teams to oversee and evaluate the practical implementation of policies and programmes on entrepreneurship development as all these were the reasons for the increase in economic welfare in Ifako-Ijaye local government area of Lagos state.


1.0    Introduction

This part of the work serves as the introductory paragraph, thereby connoting the foundation upon which this work is built. Other aspect to be discussed are as follows; background to the study, statement of problem, research objectives, research hypotheses, significance of the study, limitations of the studdy and operational definition of terms.


1.1    Background to the Study

Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria – The entrepreneur plays a vital role in the process of economic growth and development. Iwu Eze (1986) in Olorunshola, (2013)  in a paper presented in on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria said that an entrepreneur is a contractor, an organizer of an enterprise for the public, a resourceful person with a dream. Entrepreneurs are bold men and women who have initiative and the ability to lead, manage and take the consequences.


They are men of action, risk takers, missionary, creative and highly respected of their ability to effectively and efficiently concubine the functions of management to achieve the goals. He also noted that during the colonial period, only few of Nigerians could boast of personal or family capital to start off any meaningful business and hence the next place of call for business and financial was bank.


According to Ani (1999) in Olorunshola, (2013) said that entrepreneurship started when people produced more products than they needed and as such, had who also these surpluses with others who also wanted to dispose of their surpluses. For instance, if a black smith produced more hoes then he needed, he exchanged the surplus he had with what he specialisation. This process is known as trade by barter before the advent of any form of money. All these have been made to ensure the sustainance and growth of small and medium scale enterprises in the country.


One of the goals of economic development strategies pursued by successive Nigerian Governments has been the reduction of poverty through job creation. Many government policies over the years for the achievement of that objective have been based on the development of indigenous entrepreneurship. Of course, Nigeria is not along in pursuing this strategic option.


The Reagan administration in the USA also pursued similar policies in the 1980s “Reaganomics” as it was dubbed worked on the supply side of the economy. The concept of government policy has been analysed by Dye (1965) who quoted Jones (1977) as cited in Olorunshola, (2013) as a public decision to achieve a purpose.


However, policy only lays down the general directive rather than detailed instructions or strategies on the line of action to follow to achieve the objective. Basically, government policies are formulated by the three arms of government working in concert.


But, policies can be initiated from various institutional sources and from private persons. Ultimately all government policies in Nigeria derive their legitimacy from the constitution (Uchendu, 1989 in Akanle & Ejiofor, 2014).


Dutz, (2000) simply defines government policy as a guiding principle which governs action especially repetitive actions, it is decision as to what should be done and how, when and where. Entrepreneurship on the other hand refers to the activities of the entrepreneur as the initiator, organiser, innovator and risk bearer in production or business, (Vesper 1982 in Akanle & Ejiofor, 2014).


The entrepreneur is the person whose activities create wealth and employment which can be measured either directly or through economic growth rates.  Entrepreneurship development (ED) refers to the process of enhancing entrepreneurial skills and knowledge through structured training and institution-building programmes.


Entrepreneurship development aims to enlarge the base of entrepreneurs in order to hasten the pace at which new ventures are created. Entrepreneurship development focuses on the individual who wishes to start or expand a business. Small and medium enterprise (SME) development, on the other hand, focuses on developing the enterprise, whether or not it employs or is led by individuals who can be considered entrepreneurial.


1.2   Statement of the Problem


The Nigerian economy has been characterised with a lot of inefficiencies; public sector dominance, over reliance on oil as the major revenue earner and this has typically affected the country’s course of development.


However, since the mid-1980s, Nigeria has introduced some structural economic reforms, abolished polices and structures which prevented entry into certain industries, and opened up its markets to competition from domestic and foreign entrepreneurs.


The government have also introduced and pursued a number of entrepreneurship encouragement policies aimed at reducing the high rates of unemployment and poverty.

Though, Nigeria is still plagued by many development challenges, “preliminary evidence suggests a favourable response by the private sector to the new entrepreneurial opportunities thus created” (Elkan, 1988 in Akanle & Ejiofor, 2014)).


Nigeria is naturally endowed with entrepreneurship opportunities; however the realisation of the full potential of these opportunities has been dampened by the adoption of inappropriate industrialisation policies at different times.


Several policy interventions that were aimed at stimulating entrepreneurship development via small and medium scale enterprises promotion, based on technology transfer strategy, have failed to achieve the desired goals as it led to the most indigenous entrepreneurs becoming distribution agents of imported products as opposed to building in-country entrepreneurial capacity for manufacturing, mechanised agriculture and expert services.




1.3   Objectives of the Study


The primary objective of this research work is to examine the effect of government policies on entrepreneurship development.

While the specific objectives of this research work are to:

i.           ascertain if government policies has significantly impacted on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria.

ii.      evaluate the relationship between government policies and economic growth in Nigeria.

iii.    ascertain the long-run relationship that exists between government policy and entrepreneurship development in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

The questions that will form the basis of this research work include the following;

  1. What has been the impact of government policies on entrepreneurship development as measured by the rate of growth of the key sectors of the economy?
  2. Is there any causal or bi-directional relationship between government policies and  economic growth in Nigeria?
  3. What is the extent of relationship between government policy and entrepreneurship
    Development in Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The following hypothesis will guide this research work;

Ho1: Government policies have no significance effect on entrepreneurship development in Nigeria.

Ha1:  Government policies have a significant effect on entrepreneurship in Nigeria.

Ho2:  There is no significant relationship between government policies and economic growth in Nigeria.

Ha2: There is a significant relationship between government policies and economic growth in Nigeria.

Ho3: There is no long-run relationship between government policies and entrepreneurship development in Nigeria.

Ha3: There is a long-run relationship between government policies and entrepreneurship development in Nigeria.


1.6 Significance of the Study

This research work is aimed at improving government policy through entrepreneurship development. It is also aimed at highlighting the relationship between government policy and entrepreneurship development.

It will also serve as reference document to students, government, and other researchers as an advancement of knowledge in management and other field.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

The researcher encountered the following constraints in the course of this work, data constraint, financial constraint, limited information due to the type of research work and time constraint.


This research work is also limited to the use of secondary data gotten from secondary sources, as such if there are any errors made by those who generated these data; this research work incorporates such errors.

a.       Time: Time has been a major constraint that has militates against the realisation of the objectives of the research; especially as the researcher had to carry it out in the midst of academic pressure.

b.      Finance: Finance being the life wire of any business and any research work, has posed a major barrier that has immensely militates against the realisation of researchers objectives. The researcher faced inadequate finance for the acquisition of the necessary stationery for the work.

c.       Negative attitude of some people interviewed some of the people interviewed were not ready to give out the required informations needed due to the fact that, they think, the researcher wants to know about their privacy, this issue militates against the realisation of researchers objectives.


1.8 Operational Definition of Terms:               

For easy and concise understanding of this work, it is necessary that vital terms be defined.

Bi- directional: it is the capability of reaching or functioning in two, usually opposite, direction.


Entrepreneur: An entrepreneur means a person who starts, organise a commercial enterprise especially one having financial risk. An entrepreneur as an individual who has the ability to see and evaluate business opportunities gather the necessary resources to take advantage of them and initiate appropriate action to ensure success and he is a risk taker.


Entrepreneurship Development: this is the coming into existence in society of the class of individuals, who are not limited to pace odds.


Government policy: it is a declaration of a government political activities, plan and intention relating to a concrete cause or, at the assumption of office, on entire legislature session.


Goals: is an observance and measurable and results having one or more objectives to be achieved within a more or less fixed time frame.


Indigenization: it is the mass transfer of ownership and control of economic organisation from foreigners to nationals. It is a situation where a deliberate effort is made with a backup of government regulation to transfer proprietary interest of man.


Infrastructure: refers to the fundamental facilities and systems saving a country city, or area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.


Management: this is defined as process of combining and utilising of an organisation inputs [men, materials and money] by proper planning organising, directing and controlling for the purpose of producing outputs [good & services] desired by customers to that the organisation economic growth al goals or objective are accomplished.


Planning: planning can be defined as a process in which managers visualize and determine in advance, the objectives of an enterprise or organisation and select future course of action for the accomplishment.


Policies: policies are generally adopted by the board of or senior governance body within the organisation whereas procedure or protocols would be development and adopted by senior executive officers.


Small Scale Business: small scale business are those enterprises that have relatively little capital investment, that produce in small quantities and as a result control a small share of market that employ not more than fifty workers [50] and in which management marketing and entrepreneurship functions are used in the proprietor.


Source of fund: it means any means of gathering money e.g vulture, capital, donations, grants, savings subsidies and taxes.




Do you need help? Talk to us right now: (+234) 08060082010, 08107932631 (Call/WhatsApp). Email: [email protected].


Disclaimer: This PDF Material Content is Developed by the copyright owner to Serve as a RESEARCH GUIDE for Students to Conduct Academic Research.

You are allowed to use the original PDF Research Material Guide you will receive in the following ways:

1. As a source for additional understanding of the project topic.

2. As a source for ideas for you own academic research work (if properly referenced).

3. For PROPER paraphrasing ( see your school definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase).

4. Direct citing ( if referenced properly).

Thank you so much for your respect for the authors copyright.

Do you need help? Talk to us right now: (+234) 08060082010, 08107932631 (Call/WhatsApp). Email: [email protected].

Welcome! My name is Damaris I am online and ready to help you via WhatsApp chat. Let me know if you need my assistance.