The Impact Of Infectious Epidemic On Travels A Case Study Of Coronavirus Disease
This study was on the impact of infectious epidemic on Travel A case study of Coronavirus disease. The total population for the study is 200 staffs of the ministry of transport. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made director, administrative staff, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
1.1Background of the study
The global impact of the 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been well documented. This outbreak was deemed a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11th March 2020. To date, there have been cases conﬁrmed in at least 203 countries, areas or territories, according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2020). The COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented measures to be taken by many countries, such as
travel restrictions and restrictions on social gatherings (De Vos, 2020).
In this work, we model both the domestic and international spread of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. We estimate the effects of the travel ban implemented in Wuhan and the international travel restrictions adopted by several countries in early February 2020
Since then, the COVID-19 pandemic rapidly evolved into a situation with profound effects on lifestyle and travel worldwide, ranging from a dramatic decrease in air travel to an unprecedented increase in teleworking. These impacts resulted from governmental measures (e.g., travel restrictions and shutdowns of whole sectors in the economy) as well as individual choices to refrain from traveling in order to reduce exposure to other people and the risk of contamination.
Urban travel has declined all over the world, but not uniformly for all modes; public transportation has taken the hardest blow, as shown by survey-based data (Molloy et al. 2020; Astroza et al. 2020). This was in some cases accompanied by a reduced service supply and exacerbated by the perception of public transportation as riskier than private or personal means of transport because of the closer contact to other people that is possible, sometimes unavoidable, in public transportation vehicles and stations.
In the past, as travel has influenced the outbreak/spread of infectious diseases, for emerging infections, travelers have been considered as a key part of the surveillance process. Human interactions and behavior have a direct contribution to the spreading of infectious diseases, particularly during pandemics. During an outbreak, controlling the further spread of disease is a crucial task for governments. Various mitigation strategies are applied to delay the peak stage, reduce the size of the peak, and spread the occurrence of cases over time. Generally, tailor-made responses considering local conditions, socio-economic characteristics, and culture are employed. Due to these measures, a pandemic affects various primary sectors, ranging from agriculture, petroleum, and oil, secondary sectors such as the manufacturing industry, to tertiary sectors such as education, finance, healthcare and pharmaceutical industry, aviation, hospitality and tourism, real estate and housing sector, research and development, media and information technology, and food sector. Besides these, there are some social effects as well on people’s lives. As a result, pandemics create a threat to health security, challenge the health care systems and livelihood of populations, extending its effects to the stability and growth of economies, and the transport sectors. This study focuses on the impact of infectious epidemic on transportation. A case study of coronavirus
Statement of the problem
Due to these measures, a pandemic affects various primary sectors, ranging from agriculture, petroleum, and oil, secondary sectors such as the manufacturing industry, to tertiary sectors such as education, finance, healthcare and pharmaceutical industry, aviation, hospitality and tourism, real estate and housing sector, research and development, media and information technology, and food sector. Besides these, there are some social effects as well on people’s lives. As a result, pandemics create a threat to health security, challenge the health care systems and livelihood of populations, extending its effects to the stability and growth of economies, and the transport sectors. This study focuses on the impact of infectious epidemic on travel a case study of Coronavirus disease.
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the effect of coronavirus disease on travelling
- To ascertain the extent of spreading coronavirus in public transport
- To ascertain the challenges of travelers during coronavirus
The following have been put forward for testing
H0: There is no effect of coronavirus disease on traveling
H1: There is the effect of coronavirus disease on traveling
H0: there are no challenges of travelers during coronavirus
H2: there are challenges of travelers during coronavirus
Significance of the study
The study will be very significant to students, transport sector and general public. The study will give a clear insight on The impact of infectious epidemic on Travel A case study of Coronavirus disease. The study will give insight on the challenges transport sector face during the pandemic. The study will also serve as a reference to other researchers that will embark on the related topic
Scope and limitation of the study
The scope of the study covers the impact of infectious epidemic on transportation a case study of coronavirus disease. The researcher encounters some constraints which limit the scope of the study namely:
The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
TRANSPORTATION: Transport, or transportation, is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another. In other words, the action of transport is defined as a particular movement of an organism or thing from a point A to a point B. Modes of transport include air, land, water, cable, pipeline and space.
CORONAVIRUS: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.