• Format: PDF – Ms Word (Doc)
  • Pages: 99
  • Chapter 1 to 5
  • With abstract, reference and questionnaire
  • Preview abstract and chapter 1 below




In this quantitative research study, a survey research design was employed to investigate the impact of International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) adoption on the quality of financial reporting within Nigerian public sector entities. A structured questionnaire was meticulously designed for data collection from a sample of 120 respondents, consisting of public sector employees from various organizations in Nigeria. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 27 was utilized to both present and analyze the collected data. The study was centered around testing hypotheses related to the impact of IPSAS adoption. To this end, a series of one-sample t-tests were conducted to examine these hypotheses, where the assumed mean was generally zero. The computed t-statistics were then compared to critical table values at a 5% level of significance to determine whether the hypotheses could be accepted or rejected. The findings from the t-test results revealed valuable insights.

The study found that IPSAS adoption significantly enhanced the credibility of financial statements reported by public sector entities in Nigeria. It was also observed that IPSAS adoption improved the comparability of financial information among these entities. Furthermore, the study indicated that IPSAS adoption promoted effective budget implementation in the Nigerian public sector. Lastly, it was established that IPSAS adoption led to efficient management of public funds by public entities in Nigeria. In conclusion, this research provides substantial empirical evidence of the positive impact of IPSAS adoption within the Nigerian public sector. The findings support the view that adherence to IPSAS significantly enhances financial reporting quality, comparability, budget implementation, and fund management. The implications of these findings are crucial for policy and decision-makers in the Nigerian public sector. As such, several recommendations are put forth to further strengthen the impact of IPSAS adoption. These include the continuous monitoring and evaluation of IPSAS implementation, enhanced training and capacity building for public sector employees, and the encouragement of transparency and accountability in financial reporting practices. In summary, this study underscores the benefits of IPSAS adoption for the Nigerian public sector, advocating for its continued implementation and further research to refine and advance these findings.




1.1  Background to the Study

In recent times, countries of the world have set standards of financial reporting in their nations. Cross-border transactions have brought about ever-increasing international trade, commerce and increased collaboration among countries of the world (Ijeoma & Oghogbomeh, 2014). Due to this development, there is a greater need for increased uniformity, comparability and transparency in the standards guiding financial statements of public entities, so that such statements would remain relevant and convene the same information to users across the world.

Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) was first introduced in 1997 by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) to promote high-quality financial reporting and accounting standards for the public sector. Since then, many countries around the world have adopted IPSAS as their financial reporting standards, including Nigeria.

The public sector refers to the part of the country’s segment where organizations and corporations are controlled by the public through selected individuals known as the government (Acho, 2014). The public sector refers to all corporations which are established, run and financed by the government on behalf of the public (Adams, 2010).

The International Public Sector Accounting Standards Boards (IPSASB) govern the accounting activities of public sector entities except Government Business Enterprises (Heald, 2003).

International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) are a set of accounting standards issued by IPSASB for government accounting in response to calls for greater government financial transparency, accountability and value relevance. Since IPSAS are recognized and accepted by international bodies; countries are advised to adopt and harmonize their national accounting standards in line with international best practices, however, IPSAS deserves the attention of government regulators, policy-makers, practitioners and academics alike (kanellos & Evangelos, 2003).

In 2012, the Nigerian government through the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation (AGF) adopted IPSAS as its financial reporting standard for the public sector. This was a major step towards improving transparency and accountability in the Nigerian public sector’s financial reporting.

The implementation of IPSAS in Nigeria was phased, starting with the adoption of the cash basis IPSAS in 2012, followed by the accrual basis IPSAS in 2016. The adoption of IPSAS in Nigeria was aimed at improving financial management, transparency, and accountability in the public sector, as well as promoting the comparability of financial statements across different countries.

However, the adoption of IPSAS in Nigeria has not been without its challenges. There have been issues with the capacity of public sector accountants to implement the new standards, as well as challenges with the availability and quality of financial data needed to prepare IPSAS-compliant financial statements. Nonetheless, the adoption of IPSAS in Nigeria represents a significant step towards improving the quality of financial reporting in the Nigerian public sector.

International Public Sector Accounting Standards govern the accounting of public sector entities, except Government Business Enterprises. GBEs apply International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

Heald (2003) noted that International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) is at present the focal point of a global revolution in government accounting in response to calls for greater government financial accountability and transparency. The Public sector comprises entities or organizations that implement public policy through the provision of services and the redistribution of income and wealth, with both activities supported mainly by compulsory tax or levies on other sectors as noted by Kara (2012).

Nigeria, a leading African nation with a population of over 150 million people and a foremost Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) member, with a public sector-dominated economy, has identified the need to consider the value proposition of the IPSAS and implement it into main relevant (Ijeoma & Oghoghomeh, 2014). However, government interventions following the global financial crisis in the private sector have increased many governments’’ exposures and debt levels. Hence, decision-making is getting harder, especially if the view of what is “sustainable” is difficult to see.

The focus on the private sector is huge when failure occurs and therefore accounting, audit, and reporting standards are set at a high level and rigorously enforced (Ijeoma & Oghoghomeh, 2014).

Timely, clear, and open annual financial statements play a significant role in the accountability of governments to their citizens and their elected representatives. These financial statements are prepared on a cash basis or some variation of an accrual basis of accounting. The benefits of achieving consistent and comparable financial information across jurisdictions are very important and International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) have been established by the IPSAS Board to assist in that endeavour (Stephen et al, 2012).

The adoption of IPSAS is expected to improve the quality of financial reporting by providing a common framework for accounting and reporting. However, there is a need to conduct empirical research to investigate the relationship between IPSAS adoption and financial reporting quality in the Nigerian public sector. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the relationship between IPSAS adoption and financial reporting quality in the Nigerian public sector.

By examining the extent of IPSAS adoption and the quality of financial reporting, this study will provide valuable insights into the benefits and challenges of IPSAS adoption for the Nigerian public sector. The findings of this study will be useful to policymakers, practitioners, and researchers interested in financial reporting quality and IPSAS adoption in the public sector.

1.2       Statement of the Problem

The statement research problems identified in this study are, firstly, the poor budget implementation and lack of accountability in the financial reporting of the Nigerian public sector under the cash basis regime (Ibanuchuka & James, 2014). Secondly, according to Transparency International 2014, Nigeria was ranked 136 out of 175 countries on the corruption perception index on public sector transparency and accountability. Lastly, there exist various economic crises in many developing countries in Africa and Nigeria inclusive. There a high government debt levels in various sectors therefore, there is high-quality quality financial reporting to manage government finances carefully.

IPSAS adoption is expensive in all material respects, so expensive that some experts have contended that its advertised benefits do not justify the cost of the implementation predominantly accounting or finance reporting places emphasis on accountability and transparency. Revolution is not only accorded to government functional activities, instead, revolution also exists in Government Accounting. Hence IPSAS i.e. international public sector accounting standard is a new revolution in government Accounting.

1.3       Purpose of The Study

The research objectives identified in this study are stated as follows due to the approval of the Federal Executive Council adoption of IPSAS in the year 2014:

  1. To examine the overall impact of IPSAS adoption on the quality of financial reporting in the Nigerian public sector.
  2. To examine the extent to which IPSAS adoption has improved the elements of quality of financial reporting in terms of accountability, transparency, comparability, value relevance and full representation in the Nigerian public sector.
  3. To ascertain the extent to which IPSAS-based accrual basis promotes efficient and effective financial reporting of public sector organizations compared to cash basis.


Do you need help? Talk to us right now: (+234) 08060082010, 08107932631 (Call/WhatsApp). Email: [email protected].


Disclaimer: This PDF Material Content is Developed by the copyright owner to Serve as a RESEARCH GUIDE for Students to Conduct Academic Research.

You are allowed to use the original PDF Research Material Guide you will receive in the following ways:

1. As a source for additional understanding of the project topic.

2. As a source for ideas for you own academic research work (if properly referenced).

3. For PROPER paraphrasing ( see your school definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase).

4. Direct citing ( if referenced properly).

Thank you so much for your respect for the authors copyright.

Do you need help? Talk to us right now: (+234) 08060082010, 08107932631 (Call/WhatsApp). Email: [email protected].

Welcome! My name is Damaris I am online and ready to help you via WhatsApp chat. Let me know if you need my assistance.