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KNOWLEDGE,PREVALENCE AND AWARENESS OF CORONAVIRUS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA
The Material File Details
- Name: KNOWLEDGE,PREVALENCE AND AWARENESS OF CORONAVIRUS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA
- Type: PDF and MS Word (DOC)
- Size: [666 KB]
- Length:  Pages
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are normally transmitted between animals and people. The COVID-19 is a disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. It was first reported to WHO on the 31st of December, 2019 in Wuhan, China
Scientists and public health officials are working hard to identify the source of the SARS-CoV-2 which is the virus that causes COVID-19. The initial transmission appeared to be from an animal source, but there has been person-to-person transmission in countries.
The virus can spread from one person to another, most likely through droplets of saliva or mucus
The first case in Nigeria was confirmed on Friday, February 27, 2020 in Lagos in a business Italian traveller who arrived Nigeria on February 25, 2020 and became symptomatic on February 26, 2020. Contact tracing was initiated by the goverment to identify everyone who has come in contact with the confirmed case.The Government of Nigeria, through the Federal Ministry of Health, has been strengthening measures to ensure Nigeria is prepared in the event of an outbreak.
Symptoms of COVID-19
- Breathing difficulties
To reduce the risk of infection or spread of COVID-19, members of the public were advised to adhere to the following hand and respiratory hygiene measures:
• Wash your hands regularly with soap under running water and use hand sanitisers frequently
• Cover your mouth and nose properly with tissue paper when sneezing and/or coughing and immediately dispose of the tissue in a covered waste bin. After this, wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitiser
• You may also cough into your elbow if disposable tissue is not available. You are strongly advised not to re-use handkerchiefs
• If you become sick while travelling, you should avoid close contact with other people while you are symptomatic and cover your mouth and nose with a face mask
• Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing
• Healthcare workers are always advised to observe standard infection prevention and control measures when attending to patients and take a travel history