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LEGISLATIVE PROCESS AND DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES IN NIGERIA POLITICS

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Approval page

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Abstract

Table of content

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION 

1.1        Background of the study

1.2        Statement of problem

1.3        Objective of the study

1.4        Research Hypotheses

1.5        Significance of the study

1.6        Scope and limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

1.8       Organization of the study

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0   LITERATURE REVIEW

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0        Research methodology

3.1    sources of data collection

3.3        Population of the study

3.4        Sampling and sampling distribution

3.5        Validation of research instrument

3.6        Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Introductions

4.2 Data analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation

Appendix

 

Abstract

This study was on legislative process and democratic principles in Nigeria politics. Three objectives were raised which included; To find out Nigerian legislature performance its role in the democratic process in the country, to find out the factors that account for the ineffectiveness of the Nigerian legislature and to find out the achievement of the Nigerian legislature since the return of democracy in 1999. A total of 77 responses were received and validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents were drawn from selected political parties, Delta state Hypothesis was tested using Chi-Square statistical tool (SPSS).

 

 Chapter one

Introduction

1.1Background of the study

In every democratic nation there are fundamental principles that form the foundation of good governance. In virtually all democratic system, there are three basic arms of government, namely the legislature, executive and the judiciary. The primary role of the legislature is to make laws, the executive implements or execute such laws and the judiciary interprets the laws. This system of government it is argued provides safeguard against concentration of too much power in a single authority. While stressing that tyranny results when all the three branches of government are concentrated in one branch, Montesquieu said: to preserve political liberty, the constitution should ensure that the power of one branch of government should not be exercised by the same person(s) which posses the power of another branch (Okoro, 2017). Thus, certain principles guide operations of the three arms so as to avoid encroachment into the realm of others as well as ensuring accountability. Such principles are separation of powers and checks and balances. Each arm of government performs defined functions and serves as watchdog of the others. These various arms of government perform complimentary roles, all working together to promote the rule of law and to ensure that the citizens of a nation enjoy good governance (PLAC, 2016).

The legislature is an important arm of government in the democratic process empowered to make, change, or repeal its laws and to levy and regulate its taxes. Beside the role of law making, which is traditionally associated with the legislature from antiquity, it is also an instrument for representative government. It is therefore not debatable that the modern legislatures are the engine of democracy in our contemporary world today.

With the return of democratic rule in Nigeria in May 1999, many had hoped that the dividends, which democracy confers on the society would manifest in Nigeria, albeit the legislative chamber in Nigeria. However, this has remained an illusion for the past eight years of democratic rule in a country which failed to change the fortunes of the masses.

Regardless of the central position of the legislature in our democratic process; especially in this current democratic era, no empirical studies have been conducted to examine the Nigerian legislature with a view of providing an empirical account for its effectiveness. Rather studies have concentrated on the executive and the electoral process, ignoring the legislature.

It is rather unfortunate, neglect of the legislative arm of government in Nigeria has necessitated this study to provide empirical factors that have made the Nigerian legislature ineffective in changing the loss of the masses and in providing for quality representation.

Statement of the problem

It is rather unfortunate, neglect of the legislative arm of government in Nigeria has necessitated this study to provide empirical factors that have made the Nigerian legislature ineffective in changing the loss of the masses and in providing for quality representation.

To achieve this aim, the study is out to solve the following questions:

(1)        To what extent has the Nigerian legislature performed its role in the democratic process in the country?

(2)        Are there factors that account for the ineffectiveness of the Nigerian legislature?

(3)        What is the achievement of the Nigerian legislature since the return of democracy in 1999?

 

Objective of the study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To find out Nigerian legislature performance its role in the democratic process in the country
  2. To find out the factors that account for the ineffectiveness of the Nigerian legislature
  3. To find out the achievement of the Nigerian legislature since the return of democracy in 1999

Research hypotheses

The study formulated the following hypotheses

HO:  there are no factors that account for the ineffectiveness of the Nigerian legislature

H1:  there are factors that account for the ineffectiveness of the Nigerian legislature

HO: there is no achievement of the Nigerian legislature since the return of democracy in 1999

H2: there is achievement of the Nigerian legislature since the return of democracy in 1999

Significance of the study

The study will be very significant to students, lecturers and the Nigeria government. The study will give a clear insight on the legislative process and democratic principles in Nigeria politics. The study will contribute to the development of democracy in Nigeria. The study will serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on the related topic

Scope and limitation of the study

The scope of the study covers the legislative process and democratic principles in Nigeria politics.

The study will be limited to people of Delta state

Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

Definition of terms

Legislature: A legislature is an assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. They are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of parliamentary government in the separation of powers model. Laws enacted by legislatures are usually known as primary legislation

Democratic: Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so.

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