Proposal On Impact Of Nutrition And Adequate Rest On Cognitive Behavior Among Primary School Pupils
Background of the study
Feeding is a primary event in the life of an infant and young child. It is the focus of attention for parents and other caregivers, and a source of social interaction through verbal and non-verbal communication. The eating experience provides not only sustenance but also an opportunity for learning. It affects not only children’s physical growth and health but also their psychosocial and emotional development. The feeding relationship is affected by culture, health status and temperament. Cognitive and emotional dysfunctions are an increasing burden in our society. The exact factors and underlying mechanisms precipitating these disorders have not yet been elucidated. Next to our genetic makeup, the interplay between specific environmental challenges occurring during well-defined developmental periods seems to play an important role. Interestingly, such brain dysfunction most often co-occurs with metabolic disorders (e.g., obesity) and/or poor dietary habits; obesity and poor diet can lead to negative health implications including cognitive and mood dysfunctions, suggesting a strong interaction between these elements.
Cognition represents a complex set of higher mental functions subserved by the brain, and includes attention, memory, thinking, learning, and perception (Bhatnagar and Taneja, 2001). Cognitive development in pre-schoolers is predictive of later school achievement (Tramontana et al., 1988; Clark et al., 2010; Engle, 2010). As Ross and Mirowsky (1999) state: “Schooling builds human capital – skills, abilities, and resources which ultimately shapes health and well-being.” Indeed, more education has been linked to better jobs, higher income, higher socio-economic status, better health care access and housing, better lifestyle, nutrition, and physical activity (Florence et al., 2008), which are all well-known health determinants. Education increases an individual’s sense of personal control and self-esteem; these factors have also been shown to influence better health behavior (Ross and Mirowsky, 1999; Logi Kristjánsson et al., 2010). Academic achievement is important for future personal health, and is therefore a significant concern for public health.
Objective of the study
The following objectives of the study will be assessed;
- To ascertain the relationship between nutrition and cognitive behavior among primary school pupils
- To ascertain whether nutrition can affect primary school pupil academic performance
- To ascertain the psychological effect of nutrition on primary school pupil cognitive behavior
- Research hypotheses
The following have been put forward for testing
H0: there is no relationship between nutrition and cognitive behavior among primary school pupils
H1: there is relationship between nutrition and cognitive behavior among primary school pupils.
H0: nutrition cannot affect primary school pupil academic performance
H1: nutrition can affect primary school pupil academic performance
H0: there is no psychological effect of nutrition on primary school pupil cognitive behavior