This study is on the causes of construction project delays in educational building projects in Jalingo. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected construction companies in jalingo. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made contractors, supervisor, builders and junior staffs were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
- Background of the study
Modern construction projects are characterized by new standards, advanced technologies, multiparty participation, and frequent owner-desired changes. Coupled with this inherent uncertainties and complexities in the physical, financial, and economic environment in which most projects are performed. Such conditions have made completing projects on schedule and on budget a difficult task to accomplish, often leading to claims on cost compensations and/or time extensions. This eventually leads to delay in the completion of the project. Delay is defined as the time over run either beyond completion date specified in a contract or beyond the date that the parties agree upon for delivery of a project. Delay in construction project is considered one of the most common problems causing a multitude negative effect on the project and its participating parties. Therefore, it is essential to identify the actual causes of delay in order to minimize and avoid the delays and their corresponding effects. Delays in construction can cause a number of changes in a project such as late completion, lost productivity, acceleration, increased costs, and contract termination. A delay in an activity may not result in the same amount of project delay. A delay caused by a party may or may not affect the project completion date and may or may not cause damage to another party. A delay may occur concurrently with other delays and all of them may impact the project completion date. Delays caused by the client such as failure to allocate sufficient fund, slow decision making coupled with delay caused by consultant such as late submission of drawings and specifications, frequent change orders, and inadequate site information generates claims from both the main contractors and subcontractors which many times entail lengthy court proceedings with huge impacts. Delays caused by contractors generally attributes to poor managerial skills, lack of effective planning and poor financial management have led to a contractor’s downfall. The effect of delay may include time overrun, cost overrun, disputes, litigation and total abandonment (Murali and Yau, 2006). Some studies directly examine delays, attempt to identify their causes and recommend ways to avoid them. Construction project delays have a weakening effect on parties (Owner, Contractor, and Consultant) to a contract in terms of a growth in adversarial relationships, distrust, litigation, arbitration, cash-flow problems, and a general feeling of apprehension towards each other (Assaf and Al-hejji, 2002). This thesis examines causes and effects of delay in an integrated manner and determine how critical delay causes are most influential in project performance. This will provide owners, Consultants and construction organizations involved in construction projects with the foundation on which such strategies on how to avoid delays can be developed in the future. This study focuses on Educational Building Construction Projects in jalingo, which were assessed for delay causes and examines the corresponding effects identified and provide recommendation based on the findings to improve project performance within the higher education building projects as well as the general public construction projects.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Delays in a construction project is counted as a common problem and became a cause for projects completion with huge cost overrun (requiring higher budget than estimated), extended completion time, inferior quality deliverables and contract termination. In recent time it was an accepted phenomenon to have delays in construction projects completion time. For the client, construction delay is a loss of revenue, lack of productivity, dependency on existing facilities, etc. For the contractor, construction delay is the higher costs, longer work duration, increased labor cost, higher material and equipment costs etc. Completion of construction projects on specified time or time agreed by the parties indicates their efficiency. The delays in construction projects happen because of various factors or causes. These causes lead to the delay in construction completion, and this delay ultimately leads to negative effects on the construction project. it is very rare that construction projects are completed on the time specified or agreed upon. There are many educational building construction projects in jalingo, which suffered delay or in some cases suffered suspension or abandonment
- OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Objectives of the study are:
- To explore construction project delays related to project successful completion
- To identify the delay factors that currently exist in the construction of educational building projects by exposing the most common and fundamental problems affecting project delivery performance.
- To identify the success factors which are most influential in avoiding or preventing delay factors
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
The following research hypotheses were formulated
H0: there are no success factors which are most influential in avoiding or preventing delay factors
H1: there are success factors which are most influential in avoiding or preventing delay factors
H02: there are no delay factors that currently exist in the construction of educational building projects by exposing the most common and fundamental problems affecting project delivery performance
H2: there are delay factors that currently exist in the construction of educational building projects by exposing the most common and fundamental problems affecting project delivery performance
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will be very significant to students, ministry of education and construction companies in Nigeria. The study will give a clear insight on the causes of construction project delays in educational building projects in jalingo. The study will also serve as a reference to other researchers that will embark on the related topic.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers the causes of construction project delays in educational projects jalingo. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
DEFINITION OF TERMS
CONSTRUCTION: Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure. Construction differs from manufacturing in that manufacturing typically involves mass production of similar items without a designated purchaser, while construction typically takes place on location for a known client
DELAY: the act of postponing, hindering, or causing something to occur more slowly than normal : the state of being delayed get started without delay. b : an instance of being delayed apologized for the delay a rain delay.
EDUCATIONAL BUILDING: Educational building means a building exclusively used for a school or college, recognized by the appropriate Board or University, or any other Competent Authority involving assembly for instruction, education or recreation incidental to educational use, and including a building for such other uses as research