The Effect Of Corruption On The Nigerian Economy. A Study Of Criminology
This study was on the effect of corruption on the Nigeria economy. A case study of criminology. The total population for the study is 200 staff of National assembly, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made detective inspectors, detective assistants, senior officers and junior officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
1.1Background of the study
Nigeria have centered on the increasing rate of corruption resulting from inappropriate public finance planning and implementation mostly in some of the developing countries, Nigeria inclusive which in turn reduce the level of economic growth in the country. Corruption made itself visible when the institution of the government was founded due the behaviour of people appoint or elect to manage the government institutions (Anyanwu, 2002; Idomeh, 2006). Corruption has recently become a major issue in foreign aid and Nigeria nation as a whole. Corruption is an ancient practice that has been traced back to pre-biblical time and made itself known in the ancient civilizations of developed and developing countries. Political and social corruption is not a recent phenomenon that pervades the Nigerian state. Corruption is a social problem that has interested many scholars. Ruzindana (1999) sees corruption in Africa as a problem of routine deviation from affordable standards and norms by public officials and parties with whom they interact. The major concern for inter-nation aid policy during the last five decades has been to improve the living condition for the poor in the poorest countries of the world. But governments in poor countries are also the most corrupt country due to high level of poverty. Treisman (2000) and Paldam (1999) cited in Jens and Odd-Helge (2001) states that the level of GDP per capital holds most of the explanatory power of the various corruption indicators. Corruption is a disease, which eats into the cultural, political and economic growth of any country and as well destroys the functioning of various organs of the government. Transparently international (2005) opine that “corruption is one of the greatest challenges of the contemporary world which undermines good government, fundamentally distorts public policy, leads to the misallocation of resources harms the private sector development and as well hurts the poor”. The need to study corruption and economic growth in Nigeria has continued to generate passionate commentaries and academic interest due to the level of corruption in the country and its effect on economic growth. In Nigeria corruption is one of the reasons for many unresolved problems that have critically hobbled and reduce development (Ayobolu, 2006). It also remains a long-term major political and economic growth challenge for Nigeria (Sachs, 2007). International centre for economic growth (1999) states that corruption is a canker worm that has eaten deep in the fabric of the nation which ranges from petty corruption to political or systematic corruption. Abiodem (2007) in World Bank studies put corruption at over $1 trillion per year accounting for up to 15% of the Gross Domestic Product of nation like Nigeria. Corruption is a canker worm that has reduced development in all sectors of the economy (EFCC, 2005). Corruption has been the primary reason behind the country difficulties in developing fast (ICPC, 2006). Ribadu, (2003) states that this is the reason why transparency international has consisted rating of Nigeria as one of the top three most corrupt countries in the world. Based on this the researcher wants to investigate the effect of corruption on the Nigeria economy
Statement of the problem
In Nigeria, the level of corruption, poor state of our electricity, transport sector, health sector, education sector and communications is the major problem of economic growth and it is a major handicap for doing business in the country. As part of fighting corruption and strengthening the economy, Nigeria government has over the years embark on series of economic growth reform through privatization, banking sector reform, anti-corruption campaigns and establishment of transparent fiscal standards such as ICPC, EFCC etc. The major aim of economic reform in Nigeria is to provide a conducive environment for private investors and FDI to flow (African economic outlook 2011).
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the causes of corruption in Nigeria
- To ascertain the effect of corruption on Nigeria economy
- To ascertain the anti-corruption policies that are most suitable to address corruption in Nigeria
- To ascertain the policies can be used to reduce corruption
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no effect of corruption on Nigeria economy
H1: there is effect of corruption on Nigeria economy
H02: there is no anti-corruption policies that are most suitable to address corruption in Nigeria
H2: there is anti-corruption policies that are most suitable to address corruption in Nigeria
Significance of the study
The study will be very significant to student, policy makers and the government of Nigeria. The study will give a clear insight on the effect of corruption on the Nigeria economy. The study highlights the causes of corruption and the rightful policy to be used to at tackling corruption in Nigeria. The study will also serve as reference to other researcher that will embark on the related topic
Scope and limitation of the study
The scope of the study covers the effect of corruption on the Nigeria economy. A case study of criminology. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Corruption: Corruption is a form of dishonesty or criminal offense undertaken by a person or organization entrusted with a position of authority, to acquire illicit benefit or abuse power for one’s private gain
Economy: An economy is an area of the production, distribution and trade, as well as consumption of goods and services by different agents
Criminology: Criminology is the study of crime from a social perspective, including examining who commits crimes, why they commit them, their impact, and how to prevent them. Learn more about what it is, how it works, and how it differs from criminal justice.