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The Effect Of Social Network On The Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Student In Basic Science

Abstract
This study was carried out on the effect of social network on the achievement of junior secondary school student in basic science. The researcher covered student of secondary schools taking Basic science as a subject Akure North Local Government Area. The research instrument used in this was a set of structured questionnaire. Hundred (100) questionnaires were given to students offering Basic science with the assistance of their class teachers who helped to identify those Basic science students, having sought the permission of the school principals. This study showed that secondary school Basic science students in Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria, appear to be different in the use of social network sites as a result of gender. Secondary school students visit 2go, Facebook and WhatsApp when compared to other social networking sites via their handsets or GSM. The study recommended that teachers, parents, guardians and school management should teach students the importance of prioritizing their needs and visit social networking sites with good intents rather than for ulterior motives. They should be encouraged to explore the potential benefits of social network sites.

Table of contents
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Research Hypotheses
1.6 Significance of the Study
1.7 Scope of the Study
1.8 Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 The Concept of Social network
2.2 The Concept of Social Networking
2.3 Concept of Basic science
2.4 Empirical Analysis
2.5 Theoretical Framework
2.6 Effects and Gains of Social network for Students
2.7 Efforts of Basic science/School Management at Making Social network Effective for Students
2.8 Assessment/Perception of Students at Using Social network.
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Population and Sample
3.3 Research Instrument
3.4 Research Procedure/Methodology
3.5 Method of Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Analysis
4.2 Result and Discussion
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Recommendation
REFERENCES
APPENDIXES
QUESTIONNAIRE
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
Socialization is a lifelong process which continues as people changes jobs or roles and as society itself changes. It is an age long human activity which entails the relationship between human being and another in the environment in which they live (Haralambos, Holborn and Healed, 2008). Socialization has long been witnessed before the advent of new technologies which transformed socialization into a new system in the society.
The transition to technological era brought about the advent of the internet as well as social network. The advancement in technology has made it easier for people especially the young people to have access to internet and thus social networking which they join in with friends (Ibrahim, 2012). Social network or networking has revolutionized the way social interaction takes place. It is a process by which people socialize online. Through it, people seek and enjoy the companionship of others online. It supports the sharing of information and services among individuals and groups having a common interest.
Social network according to Kaplan and Helen (2010) is defined as a group of internet based application that allows the creation and exchange of user generated content. In the same vein, Arshin (2010) referred to social networking sites as virtual places where people find themselves and share information. These social networking sites have an open membership. As soon as one opens an account and uploads his or her data on the profile pages, the person is entitled to create a network of friends. However, some social networking sites are specifically designed for mobile phones, some are accessed via computers and others could be accessed using both mobile phones and computers or other information communication technologies.
These social networking sites are so numerous but a few would be mentioned, which include; 2go, facebook, whatsapp, blackberry messenger, e-buddy, orbit, friend wise, nimbuzz, myspace and so on. There are no limitations or restriction as to which social networking sites one should belong; one can be a member of as many as possible. While the social networking sites have the same key aspects, the cultures and responses around them that become apparent are varied. Most sites help strangers connect with others based on shared personal interests, political and economic views, or simply recreational activities. Some sites accommodate distinct viewers while others attract people based on similarities, such as common languages or shared racial, sexual, religious, or nationality-based identities. Nonetheless, social networking sites have only common goal. It is to encourage new ways to communicate and share information. It also provide great opportunities for members including secondary school students and Librarians who use it to promote the services of the library and also get first class information about their users through interacting with them. The students on the other hand benefit from some of the postings in some sites because some postings can be informative and educative and the students after reading such posts can comment on them.
Some secondary school students have formed the habit of visiting different social networking sites that which have started influencing their overall attitude; academically, physically and socially.
A student primary objective is the academics, especially at secondary school level because it is the stage of career building; therefore, the need to take their studies and reading much seriously cannot be over emphasized. Akintunde (2001) observed that the importance of developing a good reading habit by students cannot be overstated. As competence in reading enables learners to be successful and engage with the world beyond the classroom (Mabekoje 2011). He stressed further that developing a good reading habit broadens readers’ horizon; it is important for independent of other language skills, especially speaking and writing. The entire process of education and the development of literacy depend on printed words and reading is the crucial means through which student develops this literacy and the knowledge about is environment (Mabekoje 2009).
Nevertheless, secondary schools that are offering basic science subject who supposed to use social network and social networking sites to promote and uplift their academic career through various social networking sites but reverse is the case, as these set of students are often being observed during school time in various hiding places either discussing social networks or browsing with their phones. Long (2012) postulated that it is so common these days that many young people are addicted to social networking activities, abandoning homework and reading time in preference to chatting with friends, even at lectures times, many students are on phones engaging in one form of chatting or the other which can be quite distracting and loss of concentration most times.
Social networking with its numerous benefits should not be allowed to drift away the minds of students where in lies the development of Nigeria. Reading empowers everyone, it prepares the mind for societal challenges, therefore, there is need to ensure it is back in line in order to develop and move the nation forward. Therefore, the main focus of this study is to investigate the influence of social network on secondary school students.

1.2 Statement of the Problem
Since the advent of social network sites in the 1990s, it is assumed in some quarters that the academic achievement of students is facing a sort of neglect and divided attention between social networking activities and their academic work. It is observed that students devote more attention to social network sites than they do to their studies.
Therefore, this study is an effort to understand the possible impact this social network sites has on the students in relation to their academic achievement in Basic science as a subject. This is the reason why the impact of social network on students’ academic achievement in Basic science catches the researcher’s attention, more especially the fact that social network effect has not be empirically investigated on Basic science, particularly in Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State, hence this study is an effort to fill the research gap.

1.3 Purpose of the Study
The general purpose of the study is to unravel the impact of social network on students’ academic achievement in Basic science as a subject in Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria.
The specific purposes of the study are to;
(i). find out the extent to which social network influences gender performance of students in Basic science
(ii). identify the most visited social networking sites by Basic science students
(iii). determine the students’ purpose for using the identified social network sites by Basic science students.
(iv). find out the amount of time Basic science students invest into social network sites
(v). identify the Information Communication Technologies mostly used by Basic science Students in secondary schools for social networking.

1.4 Research Questions
The following research questions were formulated to guide this study;
(i). To what extent do the use of social network influence gender performance of students in Basic science?
(ii). Which social networking sites Basic science students visit most?
(iii). What purposes do Basic science students use their chosen social network for?
(iv). What is the extent of time Basic science students invest into use of social network?
(v). Which Information Communication Technologies do Basic science students mostly use to explore their social network
1.5 Research Hypotheses
The following hypotheses are put forward to guide the researcher in his investigation. They are:
(i) There will be no significant difference in the performance of male and female students in Basic science as a result of their use of social network
(ii) There is no relationship between time spent on social network and academic achievement of students in Basic science
(iii) There is no relationship between the use of social network and excellent academic achievement of students in Basic science.

1.6 Significance of the Study
The study will be of immense benefits to Students, Parents, Guardians and School Teachers, Management and other Stakeholders in the education of the post primary school. Students who need to learn to manage and balance their time well so as to be great contributors to the development of the society.

1.7 Scope of the Study
The scope of this study is on the impact of social network on students’ academic achievement in basic science in Akure North Local Government of Ondo State, Nigeria. The researcher intends to cover student of secondary schools taking Basic science as a subject Akure North Local Government Area. The choice of this scope is to allow for in depth study. However, the research is still of the hope to give a reliable outcome.

1.8 Definition of Terms
(i) Social network: They are forms of electronic communication which facilitate interactive based on certain interests. Social network include web and mobile technologies such as computers, G.S.M and mobile phones.
(ii) Social Networking: This is the use of internet to make information about yourself available to other people especially people you share an interest with. The essence of social networking is to share idea and exchange messages.
(iv) Academic: It is the concerned with studying from books as opposed by a practical work.
(v) Basic science: Basic science as a subject is taken by the Art Class students in Senior Secondary Schools in Nigeria.

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