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The Effect of Time Management on Employees’ Performance (Case Study of Silver Bird Cinema, Lagos)


This study was on the effect of time management on employees’ performance. Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos. Three objectives were raised which included:  To examine the impact of time management approaches on the performance among employees of Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos, to study the factors that causes low employee job performance in an organization and to provide suggestive measures for the problem of time management in Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos. A total of 77 responses were received and validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents were drawn from Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos. Hypothesis was tested using Chi-Square statistical tool (SPSS).


 Chapter one


Background of the study

Time management is critical for success and efficiency of an organization. While time management books and courses frequently place their emphasis on business pioneers and partnerships, it is additionally important for educators, job holders, experts, and factory workers (Buck et al., 2000). Time management is indeed the most crucial for both individuals and organizations for carrying their business effectively. Overseeing work and home obligations under the same rooftop takes a unique kind of time administration (Morgentem, 2004).

An imperative part of time management is effective planning for the future. Once in a while, effective time management includes investing more effort at the beginning keeping in mind the end goal to revamp the organization. In spite of the fact that numerous time management books and teachings contrast in their proposals, most concur that the first venture in productive time management is to sort out the workspace or home. Regardless of the possibility that one’s calendar is all around requested, yet the workplace and documentation is a debacle process resulting in a wastage of energy and time to work for a disorganized workplace (Lakein, 1973).

Effective time management includes keeping a timetable of the undertakings and exercises that have been esteemed essential. Keeping a date-book or day by day organizer is useful to remain focused, however self-discipline is likewise required. The usage of to-do list will be useless unless an employee consistently show concentration towards his or her daily activities.

The efficiency of firms is dependent on viability of time utilization, which is the need of many incumbents. The administration of time is an issue which is principal to efficiency at work. In the past, consideration regarding the association between time management and job performance was confined to manual laborers, and thereafter, to employees working at the clerical level. The significance of time management for managers and executive professional does not receive great attention until recent. Current methodologies depend on the supposition that work efficiency by an employee is fundamentally associated with effective utilization of time. Issues pertaining to time management can be categorized in three main areas which are relevant to employment nature, personality traits of the job holder and individuals who define job roles for employees.  Employment nature provides the major control over one’s job. Job roles that involves more public dealing involves more pressure at the workplace than employees whose jobs involves less or no public interaction. In the similar momentum, individuals who are at the introductory and developing stage of the employment will suffer more work clash and unexpected work demands than somebody working in a built up position, where consistency and routine are the request of the day.

A major challenge for any employee is to set priorities at work. Organizations that practice managerial approaches such as MBO will offer more organized work responsibilities to employees due to which employees are better able to manage time (Rodgers and Hunter, 1991). However, this systematic approach to work with time management is not practiced by employees in an organizations. A valuable technique is to urge people in recognizing the job roles for which they are individually in charge of and either require the best exertion or produce the best return. When people have recognized there key roles and responsibilities, they can talk about these with their superiors or with a mentor. It is insufficient, nonetheless, just to consider occupation needs. It is essential to consider what the individual employment holder needs to do so as to satisfy them. A few occupations call for sound grip of administration-related skills and companies policies while other roles emphasizes not only on public interaction and responsive behavior towards customer needs but also require specialized and master learning with the capacity to apply it.

Hence, it is essential for job holder to assess the roles and responsibilities associated with their respective jobs. Different employees have different capacity and traits to perform his/her job. Some employees are more productive in the first half of the day, while other are more efficient in the second half of the day. A few employees like to space out their work exertion while others like to pack their exertion into short serious periods. Some people are more effective at work while performing one particular assignment at a time while other enjoy multi-tasking at a time. Few employees are work-centered while other are more socialized and enjoy rapport with the people inside and outside the organization. In an organization, there are employees who prefer to delegate their responsibilities to others while others like to do the work on their own. In anyorganization, few employees are structured and organized at work while others are disorganized and jumbled at work. Some incumbents are more gifted or experienced than others.

Whatever the job role-type an incumbent is performing, it is strongly dependent on effectively managing the time. Effective time management require self-discipline of an employee in three main job settings: dealing with peers or colleagues of his or her own job role, the physical surroundings and the cultural factor of an organization. Thus the role an individual employee with respect to its interaction with people plays an effective role in the utilization of the time.. A meddling supervisor, for instance, can be extremely upsetting. While, a manager who is a successful delegator can be a positive wellspring of assistance in distinguishing work needs. Subordinates’ capacities to work adequately all alone, as opposed to looking for guidance from their administrator constantly, can empower the last to chip away at individual assignments without undue interferences. Co-workers may often be source for squandered time, particularly when they call into your office during an era when they themselves are less occupied, or need a short break from what they are really going after. Senior or experienced individuals from any gathering will find that they are routinely searched out by junior individuals wishing to clear up a point or examine a quick issue. Every one of these exercises have their advantages, yet the expense of any one individual’s time.

In today’s era, employees in most of the organization settings are expected to behave with their co-workers or peers as internal customers. As a result, employees face additional pressure to perform result-oriented job in a timely manner. This demands more vigilance from the organizational professionals to be adaptive thereby meeting the client needs or resolve the queries while ensuring that its subordinate staff meets the requirements of the customers effectively. On the other hand, physical surroundings may help or hinder a person’s effort to make better use of his or her time. Clearly, if you do not have an office, then there are no real physical barriers that you can erect between you and all those who, however well intentioned, wish to interrupt your work. Those who do have an office of their own can always shut the door, even at the risk of a certain amount of unpopularity

Problem Statement

In the professional world of national and multinationals organization, time is considered as hallmark of an organizational success. In other words, firms believe that more time management will lead to more productive outcomes both in monetary and non-monetary terms (Pohlman & Gardiner, 2000). As a result, effective time is considered as a critical factor for both employees and organizational productivity. Time management concept is further enhanced with the concept of “employee time management” where employees are expected to superbly manage their time at work. Despite of the significance time management has acquired in the business world, Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos, recently had been accused of not managing time effectively.

Organization has encountered various problems pertaining to inefficiencies in managing time and performing job effectively. These include:

  • Time management has become challenge for technical staff who work on shift timings and they have to respond timely to the client queries.
  • Less maintenance of Self-discipline
  • Issues pertaining to team-building

Random and unscheduled visits by different people who look for the consideration of the chief or different representatives. Consequently, company is facing interruptions and a less productive results by employees. Organization has been reported with idle talk activities by employees. At the same time, employees are performing not at par in comparison to the competitors in the industry


  • To examine the impact of time management approaches on the performance among employees of Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos.
  • To study the factors that causes low employee job performance in an organization.
  • To provide suggestive measures for the problem of time management in Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos.

Research Hypotheses

The following research hypotheses are formulated;

H1: there is no impact of time management approaches on the performance among employees of Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos

H2: there are no factors that causes low employee job performance in an organization

Significance of the study

The focus of this study is to examine the impact of time management on job performance particularly among employees of Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos. The study also aims at giving suggestive measures based on the data collected to bring betterment in time management-job performance at Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos. The significance of this research is as follows:

To the corporate professionals, this study gives the ways and intends to deal with their time adequately so as to enhance their job performance at work. Additionally, the study gives the references to managerial incumbents when mentoring or guiding their subordinates for time administration abilities. In context of the inconvenience in dealing with their time and organizing work; this study helps them to push ahead by giving them more prominent clarity on what is truly essential and dire in their work. Likewise, the study enlarges the degree for other research professionals as well who are interested to pursue the similar area of study.

This study assist corporate professionals in increasing their understanding on the importance of managing time for the betterment of their performance.

In addition, the research also broaden the intellectual horizon of a researcher as that of Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos in understanding, use of impact created by time management on employee performance. Apart from this, the study might be of quality to different firms and analysts who have incline in the domain of time management and job performance at Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos.

Scope of the study

The scope of the study covers the effect of time management on employees’ performance. The study will be limited to Silver Bird CINEMA, Lagos

Limitation of the study

Limitations in a study are important to acknowledge as they provide transparency and help readers understand the potential constraints and boundaries of the research. In the case of a study on the effect of time management on employees’ performance at Silver Bird Cinema in Lagos, there are several potential limitations to consider:

  1. Data Collection Methods: The study may rely on self-reported data, surveys, or interviews. These methods are subject to response bias, as participants may not provide accurate or truthful information, potentially skewing the results.
  2. Resource Constraints: Limited resources, such as time and budget, may constrain the depth and breadth of the study, leading to a less comprehensive analysis.
  3. Company-Specific Factors: Silver Bird Cinema’s unique policies, practices, and work environment may not be representative of other organizations, making it challenging to generalize the findings to a wider context.
  4. Time Frame: The study might be conducted over a specific time frame, which might not capture seasonal or cyclical variations that could influence employee performance.

Definition of terms

  1. Time Management: Time management refers to the practice of effectively planning, organizing, and prioritizing one’s tasks and activities to maximize productivity, efficiency, and the use of available time.
  2. Employee Performance: Employee performance is the measure of an individual’s or a group’s effectiveness in fulfilling their job responsibilities and achieving the desired outcomes, typically evaluated against established goals and expectations.
  3. Case Study: A case study is a detailed and in-depth examination of a specific subject, such as an individual, group, organization, or situation, aimed at gaining a comprehensive understanding of it within its real-world context.
  4. Silver Bird Cinema: Silver Bird Cinema refers to a specific cinema chain or company located in Lagos, Nigeria, known for its entertainment services, including movie screenings, and serves as the focal point of the study.


  • Nonis, S., Fenner, G., & Sager, J. (2011). Revisiting the Relationship between Time Management and Job Performance. World Journal of Management, Vol. 3. No. 2. September 2011 Pp. 153-171.
  • Pohlman, R., & Gardiner, G. (2000). Value driven management: How to create and maximize value over time for organizational success. Amacom Div American Mgmt Assn.
  • Rodgers, R., & Hunter, J. E. (1991). Impact of management by objectives on organizational productivity. Journal of Applied Psychology76(2), 322.
  • (1996). Time management and achievement striving interact to predict car sale performance. journal of applied pshychology, 81, 821-6.
  • (1994). Time management: test of a process model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 381-91.


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