This study was on the effects of market day activities on attendance of basic school pupils at Ablekuma sub-metro Assembly. Three objectives were raised which included: to Determine the Impact of Market Day Activities on School Attendance, to identify and analyze the socio-economic and cultural factors that play a role in the decision-making process of families regarding their children’s attendance on market days and to evaluate the short-term and long-term consequences of irregular school attendance due to market day activities. A total of 77 responses were received and validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents were drawn from selected primary schools in Ablekuma sub-metro Assembly. Hypothesis was tested using Chi-Square statistical tool (SPSS).
1.1Background of the study
Market day activities, which often involve local markets, fairs, or events, can have both positive and negative effects on the attendance of basic school pupils. These effects may be influenced by various factors, including the location of the school, the nature of the market day activities, and the socio-economic background of the students and their families.
Market day activities can provide economic opportunities for families, which may improve their ability to support their children’s education. Families may rely on income generated from market activities to cover school-related expenses such as uniforms, textbooks, and school fees.
Market day events can foster a sense of community engagement and participation. This can create a supportive environment for education and encourage parents and community members to prioritize school attendance. Bernard, H. R. (2002)
On the flip side, market day activities can be physically demanding and time-consuming for students and their families. This can lead to fatigue and reduced attendance, especially if students are required to help with market-related tasks. Alio, B. C. (2003)
In some cases, market day activities might disrupt the local economy, leading to economic instability that can impact families’ ability to support their children’s education.
Cultural and traditional factors may influence how market day activities impact school attendance. For example, in some communities, market day events are deeply ingrained in local traditions and may take precedence over school attendance.
Market day activities have both positive and negative effects on the attendance of basic school pupils. While they can contribute to economic well-being and community cohesion, they also present challenges that need to be addressed to ensure equitable access to education. Research and community-driven solutions are essential in finding this balance and promoting the educational development of basic school pupils in regions where market day activities are a significant part of life.
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statement of the problem
In many communities around the world, market day activities serve as pivotal economic and cultural events, deeply embedded in the social fabric of the region. These activities often require the active participation of both adults and children, potentially impacting the attendance of basic school pupils. While market day activities can provide economic benefits and foster a sense of community, they may also pose challenges to regular school attendance, leading to potential disparities in educational outcomes.
The problem at hand centers on understanding the multifaceted relationship between market day activities and the attendance of basic school pupils. This relationship is influenced by a complex interplay of factors, including socio-economic conditions, cultural traditions, and the geographical proximity of schools to marketplaces. Furthermore, the potential consequences of fluctuating attendance patterns on the overall educational attainment and well-being of pupils remain underexplored.
To address this problem effectively, it is essential to investigate the following key questions:
- How do market day activities impact the attendance patterns of basic school pupils in different regions and communities?
- What are the economic, cultural, and social factors that influence the decision of families to prioritize market day activities over school attendance for their children?
- What are the potential short-term and long-term consequences of irregular school attendance caused by market day activities on the educational outcomes and future prospects of basic school pupils?
- Are there effective strategies or interventions that can mitigate the negative effects of market day activities on school attendance while preserving the economic and cultural significance of these events?
This research aims to shed light on the intricate dynamics between market day activities and basic school pupil attendance, contributing valuable insights for policymakers, educators, and communities striving to strike a balance between economic engagement and educational opportunities for their youth. Understanding these dynamics is essential for promoting equitable access to quality education and fostering sustainable development in these regions.
Objective of the study
The primary objective of this research is to investigate and analyze the effects of market day activities on the attendance of basic school pupils. To achieve this overarching goal, the study will pursue the following specific objectives:
- To Determine the Impact of Market Day Activities on School Attendance.
- To identify and analyze the socio-economic and cultural factors that play a role in the decision-making process of families regarding their children’s attendance on market days.
- To evaluate the short-term and long-term consequences of irregular school attendance due to market day activities.
The following research hypotheses
H1: there is no impact of Market Day Activities on School Attendance
H2: there is no socio-economic and cultural factors that play a role in the decision-making process of families regarding their children’s attendance on market days
Significance of the study
This research holds substantial significance due to its potential to address critical educational, social, and economic issues in communities where market day activities are prevalent. The study’s significance can be summarized as follows:
Improved Educational Outcomes: Understanding the effects of market day activities on school attendance can lead to the development of targeted interventions and policies. By identifying barriers to regular attendance, schools and communities can work towards reducing absenteeism, ultimately leading to improved educational outcomes for basic school pupils.
Equitable Access to Education: This research can contribute to creating more equitable access to education. By identifying socio-economic and cultural factors influencing school attendance, policymakers and educators can design strategies to support vulnerable students, ensuring that they do not miss out on valuable learning opportunities.
Community Engagement: The study acknowledges the cultural significance of market day activities and aims to strike a balance between economic engagement and education. It recognizes the importance of community traditions while emphasizing the importance of education. This approach can foster community engagement in education-related initiatives.
Data-Informed Decision Making: The research provides empirical data and insights that can inform data-driven decision making at various levels, from local schools to national education departments. This enables stakeholders to allocate resources effectively, implement evidence-based policies, and tailor interventions to specific community needs.
Sustainable Development: Balancing economic activities with education is crucial for sustainable development. By understanding the consequences of irregular school attendance caused by market day activities, communities can take steps to ensure that their youth are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed for future economic growth.
Cultural Preservation: The study recognizes the cultural importance of market day activities and aims to find ways to preserve and celebrate these traditions while ensuring that they do not hinder educational opportunities. This approach promotes cultural preservation and respect within communities.
Academic Contribution: The research contributes to the academic discourse on the interplay between economic activities, culture, and education. It provides valuable empirical evidence that can be used by researchers and scholars to further explore this complex relationship and develop theories and models.
Scope of the study
The scope of the study covers the effects of market day activities on attendance of basic school pupils. The study will be limited to selected primary scholls in Ablekuma sub-metro Assembly
Limitation of the study
- Data Reliability: The accuracy and reliability of data collected for this study depend on the quality of the data sources and the honesty of respondents. There may be limitations in data collection methods, such as recall bias or social desirability bias, which can affect the validity of the results.
- Causation vs. Correlation: While the study may identify correlations between market day activities and school attendance, establishing causation can be challenging. Other unobserved variables or factors may influence both market day activities and attendance, making it difficult to attribute changes in attendance solely to market day events.
- Temporal Constraints: The study may be limited by the time frame in which data was collected. The effects of market day activities on school attendance can vary seasonally or over longer periods, and the study’s timeframe may not capture all these variations.
- Sample Size and Representativeness: The sample size of the study may be limited due to resource constraints or practical considerations. This can affect the representativeness of the sample and the ability to make broader inferences about the population.
- External Events and Interventions: External events or interventions that occurred during the study period, such as government policies or economic changes, may have influenced market day activities and school attendance. These external factors may not be fully accounted for in the analysis.
- Limited Longitudinal Data: The study’s longitudinal data may be limited, making it challenging to assess the long-term effects of market day activities on school attendance. Long-term trends and impacts may not be fully captured.
These limitations should be acknowledged to provide a clear understanding of the scope and boundaries of the research, and they can serve as avenues for future research to address these constraints and further refine our understanding of the topic.[email protected].[email protected].