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The impact of international trade on private sector development in Nigeria

Abstract

This study was on the impact of international trade on private sector development in Nigeria. The total population for the study is 200 staff of CBN, Uyo. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up economic advisers, policy officers, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.

 Chapter one

Introduction

1.1Background of the study

Abebefe (1995), stated that trade constitute of the exchanges of goods through market transactions. 1nternational trade involves trade transactions beyond national boundaries involving two or more countries. Accordingly, Samuelson and Nordhaus (2002) see international trade as the export and import of goods, services, and capital between nations. International trade promotes specialization and increases productivity (Ingram and Dunn 1993, Samuelson and Nordhaus 2002) as quoted by (Ezirim, Aloy, Okeke, Titus, Akpobolokerni and Patrick 20l1). Trade openness is defined as the positioning of the economy outwardly or inwardly. Outward positioning significantly takes advantage of the opportunities to trade with other countries. While the inward positioning refers to economies which are unable to take advantage of the opportunities to trade with other countries. Economic theories indicate that open economies will lead the country into increased economic growth while closed economies would experience no economic growth. The essence of open trade was to protect and stimulate domestic production through the importation of capital goods at low prices, prevent balance of payment problem, boost the value of the Naira, so as to grow the economy and reduce poverty (Oyejide, 2001). The study seeks to appraise the impact of international trade on private sector development in Nigeria.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The perceived benefit of International trade is faced with challenges which is affecting the rapid development of the private sector in Nigeria. The fundamental aim of open trade was to drive development in the nation but the perceived impact on poverty reduction seems illusive. A liberalized trade regime is expected to change relative factor prices in favor of the more abundant factor. Therefore, greater trade openness increases labor prices and raise the standard of living of the people thereby reducing poverty. However, should the re-allocation of factors be hampered, the expected benefits from freer trade may not materialize.

The rate of poverty index seems to be on the increase since 1992. Poverty is viewed as operating below 2/3 of the mean monthly household expenditure (Ajakaiye and Adeyeye, 2001). The percentage of people living below this level constitute the poverty headcount index. The problem confronting the study is to appraise the impact of international trade on the private sector development in Nigeria.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The Main Objective of the study is to investigate the impact of international trade on the private sector development in Nigeria; The specific objectives include:

i.To determine relevance is international trade on private sector development in Nigeria.

ii To understand the impacts of international trade on private sector development in Nigeria.

iii. To examine the challenges of private sector development in Nigeria.

1.5 STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS

 For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0: There is no significant impact of international trade on private sector development in Nigeria.

H1: There is significant impact of international trade on private sector development in Nigeria.

H02: there are no challenges of private sector development in Nigeria

H2: there are challenges of private sector development in Nigeria

 

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The need for a better living standard, economic development and growth constitute the aims of pursuing the policy of international trade. The study seeks to proffer relevant information for policy stakeholders to stimulate the economy with policies which are capable of promoting international trade and increase the living standard of the people.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study covers the impact of international trade on private sector development in Nigeria. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

Definition of terms

INTERNATIONAL TRADE DEFINED

International trade is the export and import of goods, Services, and capital between nations or across national boundaries.

TERMS OF TRADE DEFINED

This is the rate at which the goods of one country exchange for the goods of another country.

POVERTY DEFINED

Poverty is viewed as operating below 2/3 of the mean monthly household expenditure.

TRADE OPENNESS DEFINED

Trade openness is defined as the positioning of the economy outwardly or inwardly. Outward positioning significantly takes advantage of the opportunities to trade with other countries. While the inward positioning refers to economies which are unable to take advantage of the opportunities to trade with other countries.

INTEREST RATE DEFINED

Interest rates are the rental payments for the use of credit by borrowers and return for parting with liquidity by lenders (CBN, 1997).

FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE DEFINED

This is the measure of the firm’s financial returns or goals through the use of evaluation method or financial indicators.

RETURN ON INVESTMENT DEFINED

The return on investment defines the firm’s efficiency in the utilization of the invested capital. This ratio is determined as net profit after tax divided by total paid in capital.

CUSTOMER SATISFACTION DEFINED

Meeting or exceeding customer expectations

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Disclaimer: This PDF Material Content is Developed by the copyright owner to Serve as a RESEARCH GUIDE for Students to Conduct Academic Research.

You are allowed to use the original PDF Research Material Guide you will receive in the following ways:

1. As a source for additional understanding of the project topic.

2. As a source for ideas for you own academic research work (if properly referenced).

3. For PROPER paraphrasing ( see your school definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase).

4. Direct citing ( if referenced properly).

Thank you so much for your respect for the authors copyright.

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