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This research will be conducted to evaluate how economic background affects students’ performance in Economics in Ovia north east local government area of Edo state. The following research questions were formulated for the study:

1. Does the economic status of parents affect the educational performance of students?

2. Does parent’s educational status affect the educational performance of their children?

3. Does the family size affect the student’s educational performance?

4. Does lack of educational facilities influence the educational performance of students?

Four secondary schools will be surveyed. Students interviewed were mostly from low economic status parents with low educational background. It was found from the study that the education and income of parents affect students’ performance that the availability of educational facilities has no effect on students’ performance while that of family size has a positive relationship with students’ performance. The factors responsible for these relationships were discussed. Some recommendations and suggestions for further research were made in the last chapter.




Background of study

Statement of the problem

Research questions

Purpose of the study

Significance of the study

The scope of the study


Definition of terms


Review of related literature






Administration and collection of questionnaires

Analysis of data


Analysis of data, interpretation and discussion of results

Research question one

Research question two

Research question three

Research question four

Summary of findings


Summary, discussion of findings and conclusion, recommendation and suggestions for further research

Discussion of findings


Recommendation for further research






The academic performance of students in economics in secondary school these days has been attributed to many family factors. Many people including the sociologists and philosophers have carried out a number of resources into those factors that hinder or enhance students’ performance in Economics. They include poor quality of teaching, irregular attendance at school, emotional attitude of the child to school and school subjects, defective physical conditions which are manifested in poor hearing, bad vision, impediment of speech, the environment and the society as well as the occupation of the father of the student among other related factors. The raging friction between the school as to which of the two is in fact responsible for the poor or good performance of student in economic examination has enabled the researcher to take a cursory look at the influence of fathers occupation on the academic performance of student in area of Edo state is chosen as a case study.

The study is rooted in the theory that there is need for a close cooperation between is need for a close cooperation between the home and the school for an understanding of the learning problem of children.

The society has apparently decided for better or worse to educate it children outside the home in separate, self contained, single purpose establishments. Having lived of education from here in this way, to go on and discuss the way they influence each other could be a matter of for they can be resolved most at the root of all discussion about teacher parent relation. There was a time when a parents rarely entered school except to assault looking school master. Teachers on their part, were supposed to be quality of showing no interest in the home to which their pupils belonged. However, nowadays there is undoubtedly a considerable upsurge of interest in the relationship between home and school, and a trend towards ensuring this interest various formal organization and system in many schools have presents teacher organization, many areas have action groups of one sort to another, you have the national confederation of parents teacher association and the advisory centre for education, all of whom are very much concerned with home school links for the purpose of educational achievement of children.

Similarly, it has been accepted that learning can occur in many different settings in the home and play ground, for example as well as in the classroom. Every child brings with him into the class room all his ear, her home training and experience, a kind of internal environment that makes him an environmental factors of considerable significance to others. A learning environment is therefore more than that which can be measured in the students immediate physical surrounding, it includes everything inside and outside the space the child occupies which in any way affects his behavior during a particular learning routine. Economic background characteristics associated with academic performance and intelligence can be divided into two status variable high economic status and low economic status. Both status are determined by the level of education, occupation, and income in the society. These variables though interesting, tell little about how their effects are mediated to child and into process variables, such as achievement process of parents, home language models, academic home guidance and social participation of family.

It is believed that the level of education determines income and occupation of the individual. This in turn determines the persons’ status. But this is not so again because of his health. So because of this variance, the researchers will look at the relationship between academic performance and these variables. The size of the family will not be left out in the research as one of the variables. Though social class is most often used as a child economic background variable in Western European societies and north America, it is rather difficult, if not impossible at this stage to use the social class variable in the developing countries of Asia. Africa and Nigeria in particular in the same way as it is used in Western European countries. Two reasons can be suggested for this, firstly, there has not been any attempt to classify occupations in these developing countries.

Secondly, and perhaps the most important reasons is that the social system of the extended family in these developing countries would make social class based on occupation meaningless for instance a man in a developing country in a good job with a very small salary per annum, may not afford to live a middle class family probably because a lot of people depend on his single salary for their existence so because of this, the size of the family will be looked at as one variable. The different kinds of family-polygamous and monogamous will not be in this research.

The highlight of what will be found in each chapter is as follows: the first chapter deals with the statement of problems and relevant research questions are formulated while the second chapter deals with critical reviews of important literature on the subject. This exercise is seen as a guide to reveal the variables that have been found to be important as well as the gaps in the previous studies on the determinant of performance of individuals. It also enabled the researcher as well as the useful hypothesis, which emerged from their works. An examination of the literature also helped in the formulations of the research problems. Third chapter discuses the various methods which have been employed in collecting the data including the operationalization of the concepts and the descriptive statistics. The fourth chapter deals with the analysis of the data collected. The findings from these analyses are also explained and interpreted with the context of the theoretical framework. The works end with chapter five the conclusion which summarizes what had been done in the survival for further research and then the gaps in the study that can be filled by other research are also pointed out.


Today, teachers are often blame for the low academic performance of students without actually finding out other related factors that can contribute to the students problems as far as ac academic is concerned, most parents are quick to point accusing fingers at both the child and his teacher. Should the whole problems be entirely heaped on teachers who always want the best for their pupils? One would like to find out the justifications the parents have for blaming the teachers as regard the low performance of students in their academics. The truth is that the foundation of the child’s socialization is laid at home. Also children spend more time at home than in school. Many factors associated with the family could have actually contributed to the high or low performance of students with the economic as one of them. The class strata in our society based on economic ground have become a common phenomena. There is an equal distribution of wealth among citizens. Thus there arise the educated and the illiterate poverty stricken masses. The study therefore considered the influence of those stratified classes on student’s academic performance. In order words, the study is focused upon how the academic performance of students can be influenced by the family economic status. The following research questions are posed by the researcher.


1. Does the economic status of parents affect the educational performance of students?

2. Does parent’s educational status affect the educational performance of their children?

3. Does the family size affect the student’s educational performance?

4. Does lack of educational facilities influence the educational performance of students?


The purpose is to identify the influence of father’s occupation on the academic performance of students in selected public secondary schoolsIt is designed to compare the level of academic performance of students from different occupation of the father. The study will give an insight into how and why some students perform better than others.


The study is designed to find out the influence of occupation inequality on student’s performance in some selected public secondary school in Ovia North East Local Government area of Edo state. The study will be of significant help to educate on how to handle students from different economic strata so as to increase performance.

It will also enable school administrators to see the need for providing books, newspapers and magazines in the school library knowing fully well that some students may not have opportunity in their house. The study will also help the teacher in adjusting his or her method for effective teaching to accommodate every student.


The study will be used in some selected public secondary schools in Ovia north east local government area of Edo state for the purpose of convenience. The area being a semi-urban was chosen so as to involve children from various home backgrounds. The five schools SSS 2 students were used for the study, the study will only lower the economic aspect like the parents children in the family.


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