TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
This study was on the proliferation of radio station on ethical journalism practice. The total population for the study is 200 members of NUJ, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made production chairmen, secretaries, new members and old members were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies The total population for the study is 200 members of NUJ, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made production chairmen, secretaries, new members and old members were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
1.1Background of the study
Media are social institutions that expect to make a moral contribution to the society; therefore, there is need for the rules that will guide the journalism practice. Oso and Pate, (2011: 145) quoted Johnson saying media are potentially “great secular church” and a system of Evangelism for dispensing the darkness of ignorance, expelling error and establishing truth.” On the process of their duty journalists were criticized of been subjective and their role has been a topic of discussion. According to Briggs and Burke 2005 they said “journalists are not to be trusted” and they are “slanderous”. (Briggs and Burke, 2005). The reason behind this is that; the nature of ownership, the news media weather it is government owned media or private media, the employers are working under editorial control. Government owned media tries to protect the government interest where as private media protect the interest of owners, these leads to the violation of stipulated code of ethics. Like the saying goes „He who pays the piper dictates the tone‟.
Journalism is the trade technique or profession of reporting news for the public by various means. James Glen Stovall says “journalists meet many challenges in gathering, processing and distributing the news…” (Stovall, 2005: 18). Journalists are watchdog or gatekeepers of the society because they decide what news is and they make much important decision about what society says to itself. Been the gatekeepers of the society the profession is guided by journalism code of ethics to ensure journalists are doing their job within the context. Ethics in journalism, is the code of morals that journalist are supposed to uphold. These include a commitment to revealing the truth objectivity without being influenced by self-interest; maintaining the secrecy of sources and attributing what is said to the appropriate source (Ike, 2005: 74).
There is no doubt that effective and efficient practice of journalism lies in the principles of ethical values which set to regulate its activities towards professionalism. Ethics is simply the norms for conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour. It is normal principles that govern a person’s or group behaviour. Journalistic ethics is the branch of philosophy which aids journalists in determining what is right to do and it is ultimately concerned with providing moral principles or norms for Journalistic actions. It set guideline, rules, norms or codes that will lead the journalist to be more humane as there have being abuse of the profession by the media. An Ethical code is without doubt a sine qua non in any profession. Journalism today faces an increasing need for critical reporting, accuracy fairness and objectivity. The Ethics of journalism is therefore, the companion of the practicing Journalist as well as the informed public in providing ethical guidelines by which practitioner can judge and be the judged. The NBS was directed to hand over all the new stations it had established in the states to the respective state government and revert to something of the old status quo. The original stations in Lagos, Ibadan and Enugu were then merged with the old northern Nigerian government owned station, the BCNN (also known as radio kaduna.) to form the new FRCN. The new organization was still to be known as radio Nigeria. In time a station was opened in the new federal capital in Abuja. The five stations (Abuja, Lagos, Enugu, kaduna and ibadan) each transmitting on short wave, medium wave and now on frequency modulated wave band which today make up the federal radio corporation of Nigeria network African’s largest radio network
Statement of the problem
According to the code of conduct and practice of journalism, a journalist shall not publish obscene or vulgar material unless such material contains news, but unfortunately, this is not always the case with radio. Some radio have been found to be products of a “lack of quality control and respect for moral and cultural sensitivities loaded with race, religion, and ethnic stereotypes, disability, physical appearance or social status” (MCK 2014, p. 4). The manner in which the radio presenters air content raised questions on the morality and ethics of their practice, both in generating content, and in managing it as it came from live phone-in contributions. The concern raised was whether or not the presenters had exposure and were adhering to the Code of Conduct for Practice of Journalism. To put more emphasize on media adherence to journalistic code of conduct, a separate code of regulation for broadcast media by the Communications Authority (CA, 2016). This Code will not apply where a broadcaster is a member of a body which has proved to the satisfaction of the Authority that its members subscribe and adhere to a programming code enforced by that body by means of its own mechanisms.
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study are;
- To find out whether some radio station violet journalism ethics
- To find out whether radio station adhere ethical journalism
- To ascertain the relationship between radio station and ethical journalism
- Do some radio station violet journalism ethics?
- Does radio station adhere ethical journalism?
- Is there the relationship between radio station and ethical journalism?
Significance of the study
The study will be very significant to NUJ and students. The study will give a clear insight on the proliferation of radio station on ethical journalism practice. The study will also serve as reference to other researchers that will embark on the related topic
Scope and limitation of the study
The scope of the study covers the proliferation of radio station on ethical journalism practice. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
ETHICAL JOURNALISM: Journalism ethics and standards comprise principles of ethics and of good practice as applicable to the specific challenges faced by journalists.
MEDIA PRACTITIONER: Media relations and public relations practitioners should read as many magazines, journals, newspapers, and blogs as possible, as they relate to one’s practice. Organizations often compile what is known as a media list, or a list of possible media outlets who may be interested in an organization’s information.
Ethics: Set of concepts and principles that guide behaviours and conducts of a particular group of people (i.e. Journalists). They are also seen as motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
Journalism: The process of gathering, processing, and disseminating of information to mass heterogeneous audience through the mass media. It also entails reporting or photographing or editing news stories for the media.
Practice: A way of operation that is customary. It is the exercise of a profession (i.e. Journalism Profession).
Challenges: Demanding situations that hinder the operations of journalists based on their principles of behavior and conduct of operation.