THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction
1.1 Background Information
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Importance of the study
1.5 Limitation of the study
1.6 Statement of the hypothesis
1.7 Definition of terms
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Origin of agriculture I Nigeria.
2.2 Sequence of Agricultural Development in Nigeria.
2.3 Present position of Agriculture in Nigeria.
2.4 Financial Intermediation functions
2.5 Problems in agricultural financing.
2.6 History of Nigerian Agricultural and Co-operative Bank Ltd. (NACB).
2.7 Establishment and achievements of NACB.
2.8 Aims and objectives of NACB.
2.9 NACB functional and operational scheme.
2.10 Sources of funds and financial capability
2.11 Terms and conditions for borrowing.
3.0 Research Design and Methodology
3.1 Population and sample
3.2 Design of the Questionnaire.
4.0 Data Analysis and Interpretation
4.1 Data collection
4.2 Analysis and interpretation of hypothesis
4.3 Analysis of operations and impacts of NACB
4.4 Findings relating to the research work
5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1 Summary of findings
1.1 BACKGROUND OF INFORMATION
Agriculture is still most important sector of the country’s economy. It’s role in economic development can be traced back to, at-least to the mid-eighteenth century, and which was central to the early development of the analytical economics by Adam Smith, David Richardo, and Thomas Malthius, typically some 40 to 60 percent of the national income is produced in agriculture and from 50 to 80 percent of the labour force is engaged in agricultural production.
However, agriculture has four major roles to play in economic development. These are, to increase the supply of food for domestic consumption, to release labour for industrial output, to increase the supply of domestic savings and to earn foreign exchange. The final role, that is the earn foreign exchange implies that the country is open to international trade.
Not withstanding the roles of agriculture in the country’s economy, agriculture is encountering a lot of problems, which lead to decline and poor performance in agricultural sector. These problems include lack of fund: inadequacies in the supply and use of farm inputs, unfavourable macro-economic policy; land constraints; poor post-harvest technology; environmental hazards; disease and pest infestation; labour constraints; low rate of adoption of appropriate technology; transportation; low income earning etc. infact agriculture in Nigeria is caught in a low level of equilibrium trap.
In the past, attention given to agriculture by government was not encouraging. Farming was pushed to the background and farmers were not introduced to the modern method of farming which would have gone a long way in helping to boost agriculture. Until 1976, during the first Obasanjo regime, alteration was beginning to be given to agriculture with launching of operation feed the Nation (OFN). The idea behind OFN was that all Nigerians should join hands together to produce food for ourselves and the nation. Ever since them, successive governments have followed with different programmes all aiming at developing agriculture and agricultural projects.
Moreso, government has shown great concern in this wise idea with the establishment of Nigerian Agricultural and co-operative Bank Ltd. (NACB). This bank, which is an apex up to grant agricultural credit to the agricultural and agro-allied sector of the Nigerian economy. This is carried out through the provision of loans to individuals, co-operatives organizations, limited liability companies, state and federal government
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