The Role Of Local Government Administration In Economic And Social Development Of Rural Area In Nigeria (A Case Study Of South L.G.A Of Delta State)
Table of Content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
This study was on the role of local government administration in economic and social development of rural area in Nigeria. The following objectives were assessed: To ascertain whether Ika south local government has contributed to the development of rural communities, to verify whether inadequate financing by both state and federal governments hinders the council in carrying out developmental programmes in rural communities, to ascertain the constraints that militate against the success of development process of local governments, to ascertain the role Ika South local government play in economic and social development in rural areas and to ascertain the effects of Ika South local government staff moral in the attainment of development objectives in local governments The total population for the study is 200 residents of Ika South local government of Delta state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up farmers, businessmen/women, staffs and teachers was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
- Background of the study
Nigerian local government system has witnessed tremendous transformation since the introduction of the 1988 civil service reforms one of the changes introduced at the local government is the direct payment of their statutory allocations which was also increased from 15%-20%, in addition, local government auditor was established by each sates government to ensure proper utilization of financial resources at the local level to avoid misappropriation of public fund. Also, all local governments now have a common structure which distinguish them from service department.
Local government at any level have some roles such as;
The maintenances of law and order, the promotion of economic and social development etc. They are left with considerable freedom to actual will for the interest of the local community. Form the administrative point of view, the government as an agent of development is well placed to help the rural areas to develop. These can be done by investing in social and economic infrastructure such as; roads, hospitals, bridges, schools, electricity and telecommunication. The other essential duties inherited by native authorities include; water supplies, markets and libraries. We generally regard the convenience list as including those extra amenities which makes life better in the communities other than the stated ones. These include; creation of bus and lorry parks, the regulation of land cards on the streets, community recreation centers, parks and open spaces, grazing areas and fuel plantations, the naming of streets and the numbering of houses These are recognized automatically as the responsibility of the local government. They also help in service of parks control and water supply, electricity and gas, the provision of road of transport and any other trading undertaking that the state government authorizes.
The local government also take responsibility for health orientation and drug supplies, midwifery services arrangement of health visit and home nursing to provide facilities for immunization and vaccination.
In fact, democracy itself originated and developed along the line of local government initiatives. This is why the executive, legislative and judicial arms of these governments are elected or appointed as the case may be. In Nigeria, local government is created to bring government closer to the people. The definition of local government by the Nigerian Federal Government leaves one with no iota of doubt that it is largely both theoretically sound and service oriented to the people. It talks of representative councils with substantial control over local affairs, for the provision of services and implementation of projects in their areas, to complement the activities of both the State and Federal governments. The definition also amply recognizes the need for local government autonomy as the substantial control of local governments is aimed at staff, institutional and financial matters, among others (Nigeria, 1976). In addition to the above, the Nigerian Federal Government is one of the few governments in the world perhaps in addition to Brazil (Erero, 1998) that have elevated LGs to a third tier of government. By so doing, the State governments do not exercise absolute controls over local governments.
Therefore, the work seeks to contribute in illuminating the actual status of Ika South local government as regard community or rural development which it purports to be raison d’etre of its existence. The empirical analysis will show whether creation of local government is really for the sake of ensuring grassroots development or mere political compensation for the government loyalists. It is in this light that we chose to study the topic. Specifically, the study carefully, critically and objectively examines operational definitions, local government, and development and opinion of the people expressed through the print media about the impact of the Ika south local government council in their areas. And of course, germane recommendations which emanate from the study are provided for the improvement of local government in the development of the localities/communities.
Statement of the problem
The local government is expected to become more active in facilitation social and economic development at the grassroots level. The local government is a potential social and economic booster if well equipped. Although some factors like inadequate finance, lack of technical manpower, denial of autonomy militate against the efficient administration at the local level. The local government despite these problems struggles to maintain a high standard in socio-economic development.
The researchers want to identify those areas (roles) that the local government has excelled in terms of social and economic development using Ika South local government of Delta state as a case study.
Objective of the study
The objective of the is the examine the role of local government administration in economic and social development of rural area in Nigeria. The specific objectives are;
- To ascertain whether Ika south local government has contributed to the development of rural communities
- To verify whether inadequate financing by both state and federal governments hinders the council in carrying out developmental programmes in rural communities
- To ascertain the constraints that militate against the success of development process of local governments.
- To ascertain the role Ika South local government play in economic and social development in rural areas
- To ascertain the effects of Ika South local government staff moral in the attainment of development objectives in local governments
The research question will be based on the following;
- Did Ika south local government has contributed to the development of rural communities?
- Does inadequate financing by both state and federal governments hinders the council in carrying out developmental programmes in rural communities?
- Are there any constraints that militate against the success of development process of local governments?
- Is there role Ika South local government play in economic and social development in rural areas?
- What are the effects of Ika South local government staff moral in the attainment of development objectives in local governments?
Significance of the study
The need and important of the research is obvious. At a time when local government has come to assume on over whelming influence on the process of political and economic development, it becomes more relevant to examine much more closely the characters and dynamics of this third tier of government and to clarify the major contradiction that have tended to impede its capacity to promote development at the local level. However, a scientific study of this kind become necessary especially at this time when the past and present civilian administration are particularly concerned about the rural development.
Finally, this study will generally aid to the growing number of literatures on local government affairs more particularly on the roles of local government administration in economic and social development of rural areas in Nigeria and pragmatic solutions offered towards making them more efficient and responsive to the needs of rural dweller and also to policy makes and researchers alike
Scope of the study
This research area and dimension of coverage is based only on the roles of local government administration in economic and social development of rural areas in Nigeria and to the staff, teachers, farmers, businessmen/women and artisans in Ika local government area of Delta state.
Limitation of the study
The researcher encounters some constraints which limit the scope of the study namely:
The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
1.8 Definition of terms
This following terms have been defined for the purpose of this study;
Local government: this refers to a government at the local level.
Exercised through representative councils established by law to Exercised specific functions within a defined geographical area.
Development: this is a multidimensional process involving re-organization and re-orientation of the entire economic and social system in addition to improving income and quality of life of the inhabitants of an areas it typically involve radical changes in institutional social as well as popular attitude and sometimes even customs and beliefs.
Council: this refers to that organ which constitute representation of people either elected or nominated.
Socio–economic development: This embraces improvement in not only the standard of living and capital per income but also in high level of employment reducing inflation, advocate provision of food, high infrastructures, stressing value rather than achievement.
Objectives: This refers to those things that the researcher intends to achieves at the end of the research.
Programmers: This consists of essential integrated series of developmental projects that spans over a length of time or period.