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The role of market women in the socio-economic development of the community (a study of lusada market in ado-odo local government area, ogun state nigeria)

Abstract

This study was on the role of market women in the socio-economic development of the community ( a study of Lusada Market in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state Nigeria).  The total population for the study is 200 women of Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made married, single ladies, civil servants and students were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.

Chapter one

Introduction

  • Background of the study

Although women play very significant roles in various spheres of Nigeria’s development, their contributions to the growth of the country are, often, not acknowledged or encouraged. For instance, the role of women in the development of the Niger delta region of Nigeria, where the wealth of the country is being generated, has received little or no attention over the years even though they are actively involved in the developmental activities of the region. Certain challenges still face their efforts and make them seem insignificant to this region.

The significant place of the woman in the home and family cannot be disputed. Man may be the head of the family, but the woman is definitely its heart and lifeline. Without the woman, the family and, subsequently, the larger society, cannot function properly. Dora Chizea supports this notion with the following view of women:

 

[women are] the building blocks upon which the foundations of happy homes and families are built. The family, no doubt, is the unit on which communities are built. And the nation itself is built by communities. It follows, therefore, that if the building blocks, the mothers are poor, ignorant and unmotivated, the nation is likely to be poor, ignorant and unmotivated. For, how can a nation rise above the collective ignorance of its mothers?

The roles of the woman in the family are diverse and as intriguing as the woman herself: wife, partner, confidant, mother, nurturer, provider, teacher, friend, counsellor, as well as the emotional and spiritual anchor. She is one who instills in her family, especially the children, moral and ethical standards, and does everything possible to ensure they are educated. She is also their number one advocate, critic and encourager. She works diligently to support her husband in ensuring and sustaining the welfare, health and stability of the family day in day out. Sometimes, she is a single parent who plays the role of man and woman, father and mother; this, however, does not hinder her efforts to give of her best to her family. She also plays numerous significant roles outside the dynamics of the nuclear family. These efforts on the home front, though sometimes invisible to the public eye, sustain the welfare, health and stability of the region and, inevitably, its progress and development. Unfortunately, due to gender inequality, the family is often a domain where many women are socially restricted, economically exploited, emotionally degraded and rendered politically passive and poor. This limits not only the woman but her entire family and community who would have benefitted from her resources. The following observation by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) places this issue in perspective: “[women’s poverty] results in deprivation in their own lives and losses for the broader society and economy, as women’s productivity is well-known as one of the greatest generators of economic dynamism” (“Women and Poverty”). Should women’s subjugation in the family and society be totally eradicated and their power to create, nurture and transform fully and effectively harnessed, there is no limit to what women can contribute to the growth and transformation of the nation.

Main economic activities in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state Nigeria are focusing more on the agriculture, oil palm and cash crops as main crops. Ado-Odo local government area was chosen for the research as the rural area within this district has a high potential for a development. Location has high potential for development with main economy activities monopolized by women. However, the opportunity appeared not been utilized in improving the development of the Ado-Odo local government area socio-economy due to a limitation encountered by the surrounding communities. Based on the yearly population growth, it’s has indicated that people migration from Ado-Odo district to the urban area has slowing down are socioeconomic development

Statement of the problem

There’s few reason which pushing a woman in involving in the business as a one of the economic activities or as a source of generating living income. Phenomenon on the involvement of women in developing their house hold income has spread overtime especially in rural area. This phenomenon obviously occurred as most of the family background who living under narrowness income and resources for supporting the high living cost which impacted by the inflation. Even though varies of incentives provided by government and non-organizational government in assisting women for uplifting their living standard such as providing capital for stating a small scale business, its appeared a lot of failure on them and still rely on the government subsidies and incentives for their self-development. The programs specifically design for women especially in rural area by the government and non-organizational government by looking to the high potential for them to excel in the field that related to the business. Level of education in the rural area population influenced most of the socio-economic development in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state. Women are predominant among that are lack of complete primary education up to undergraduate education as of background of their family. This has causing a tremendously negative impact on the rural women from the economic transition on women’s employment as they have no other choice other than to accept to work in insecure domestic situation or to be employed.

Objective of the study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To identify the role market women play in socioeconomic development of community in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state
  2. To identify the major obstacle market women face in socioeconomic development of community in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state
  3. To access the gender differences over resource control in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state

 

Research hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0there is no role market women play in socioeconomic development of community in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state.

H1: there is role market women play in socioeconomic development of community in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state.

 H02: there is no major obstacle market women face in socioeconomic development of community in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state.

H2: there is major obstacle market women face in socioeconomic development of community in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state.

 Significance of the study

The study will be very significant to students and women. The study will give a clear insight on the role of market women in the socio-economic development of the community (a study of Lusada Market in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state Nigeria). The study will also serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on the related topic.

 

Scope and limitation of the study

The scope of the study covers the role of market women in the socioeconomic development of the community (a study of Lusada Market in Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state Nigeria). The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study

Definition of Terms

Socioeconomics is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes. In general, it analyzes how modern societies progress, stagnate, or regress because of their local or regional economy, or the global economy.

Development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive change or the addition of physical, economic, environmental, social and demographic components.  The identification of these traps enables relating to political – economic – social conditions in a country in an attempt to advance development

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