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Public administration project Topic Chapter 1-5 titled, Age Grade Association As An Agent Of Rural Development.


Title                                                                         i

Approval                                                                  ii

Dedication                                                               iii

Acknowledgment                                                    iv

Abstract                                                                  v

Table of content                                                      vi



1.0   Introduction – –       –       –       –       –       –       1

1.1   Background of the study –      –       –       –       2

1.2   Statement of the problem –    –       –       –       4

1.3   Purpose of the study –    –       –       –       –       5

1.4   Significance of the study –      –       –       –       6

1.5   Research questions –      –       –       –       –       7

1.6   Scope of the study –       –       –       –       –       8

1.7   Definition of terms –       –       –       –       –       9




2.1   The concept of rural development –       –       11

2.2    Government development in rural development      14

2.2   Age grade association’s contribution toward

rural development –        –       –       –       –       17

2.4   Source of Finance to Age Grade Association –  20

2.5   The organization of Age Grade Association – 21

2.6   Community participation in Government Development   –       –       –       –        –       –       24

2.7   Problems encountered in the organizing

of Rural Development, Programmes-     –       28

2.7   Summary of literature review –      –       –       30





3.0   Brief out line of the study-     –       –       –       32

 3.1 Design of the study         –       –       –       –       32

3.2   Area of the study –  –       –       –       –       –       33

3.3   Population of the study  –       –       –       –       34

3.4   Sample of the study –     –       –       –       –       34

3.5   Instrument of data collection –       –       –       36

3.6   Validation of the instrument –       –       –       37

3.7   Distribution and Retrieval of the Instrument   38

3.8   Method of data analysis –       –       –       –       38



4.0   Data Presentation and Analysis –  –       –       39

4.1   Findings –       –       –       –       –       –       –       46





 5.0 Summary of findings –    –       –       –       –       49

5.1   Recommendation    –       –       –       –       –       51

5.2   Conclusion      –       –       –       –       –       –       53

5.3   Limitation of the study   –       –       –       –       56

5.4   Suggestions for further study –      –       –       57

References      –       –       –       –       –       –       58

Appendix –       –       –       –       –       –       –       60

Questionnaires –     –       –       –       –       –       61



The research has attempted to study age grades association as agents of rural development, with a case study of nkpor uno town in idemili north local government area of anambra state to have a vivid understanding of this work, the work has divided into five chapters.

Chapter one dealt with introduction such as back ground of the study, statement of the problems, purpose of the study, significance of the study and definition of teams. Chapter two deal with literature review and comprises of the concept of rural development, age grade associations contribution towards rural development, sources of finance to age grade association, community participation in rural development, the organization of age grade association problems in organization of rural development programmes and summary of literature.

Chapter 3 (three) dealt with brief out love of the study, design of the study, sample of the study, instrument data collection and validation of the instrument. Chapter four contains data presentation and analysis with finding. Chapter five finally contains summary of findings recommendations, conclusion, limitations of the study and suggestions for further studies.



This research work focuses on the age grade association as an agent of rural development this is very important especially at this time when emphasis are on developing rural areas.

It is disheartening to note that despite all the efforts of the government, federal, state and local is development at the rural areas through polices and programmes like better life for rural women, directorates of food, roads and rural infrastructure (DFRRI) rural electrification scheme power evaluation etc development in rural area still remain a mirage.

It is on this note that contemporary scholars now advocate for a better drastic approach to be adopted to rural development this strategies like the private sector, the use of non government organizations (NGOS) and the various community institutions like the age grade it is on these background that this work is set into evaluating the roles the age grade association as an agent of rural development.



In recent years the federal state and local government have been calling for all ramifications development especially from the rural areas, first to facilitated national development in the country the grassroots must be development first.

Obiukwu and Olisa (1992) defined rural development as a concerned improvement of the living standard of the population living in the rural areas on a self- sustaining basis through transforming the socio-economic, socio- spatial and structure of their productive activities, it deals with those methods and strategies designed to improve the economic and social life of the people in rural dwellers.

Age grade association is a social institution that constitutes important system in the social structure of any given society the age grade comprises of persons who are regarded as mates or born within the same age range.

Jeffery, (1950) sees age grade association as “a duty formalized social institution”. Rural development is a situation where the rural dwellers are provided with the basic news of life such as food, water, shelter enjoyed by the urban dwellers.

There are basic needs or amenities absent or lacking in Nkpor Town. The age grades association help to harness the provision of the above mentioned needs by each group taking up one or more of the needs or projects, hence making them a variable to the rural dwellers.

This study is prompted by a desire to see how this age grade association can be mobilized to assist in the development of Nkpor Uno.



       Over the years, several efforts have been made by the federal, stated and local government towards the development of rural communities n the country. However, despite these giant strides by the government of different levels, the rural area has remained under developed.

Contemporary scholars has emphasized that for rural areas to developed, effort should be shifted from government being seen as the major key players in the rural development to the participation of other key players like age grade, Non governmental organization (NGOS) etc. This research work is thus set into evaluating the role of age grade in rural development.


1.3  PURPOSE OF THE STUDY                                The objectives or purpose of these study is to analyze the roles of age grade association towards rural and urban development especially in the area of Agriculture, health, economy etc. Also to determine the problem s associated with age grade association in performing their duties functions towards the development of the rural communities and make some recommendations based on the findings.



This research work on “Age Grade Association of rural development will be immensely significant to all and surrounding. This is because development is what will affect everybody in the society, the work will thus expose the various roles of age grade vis-à-vis rural development which any community aspiring to be developed may embraced. The study will as well beneficial to government at various levels, as it will reveal to them the need for youth improvement so as to place the age grade association in a better place to develop the rural areas. Moreover students embarking similar research of this, sort will find this work most beneficial as it will reveal to them all that is required to actualize a work of these natures.



The rising expected question which answers topic of this nature is of paramount or great important. The question, which were used to know the level or evaluate the role of age-grade association as agent of rural development towards all ramifications, development are;

  1. To what extent has age grade associations helped to the development of rural areas?
  2. To what extent has the objectives of those age grade association been achieved in this town (Nkpor Uno)?
  • To what extend is the age grade association system organized in Nkpor town?
  1. What is the their achievement in the town (Nkpor Uno) since their evolution or creation in eastern Nigeria?
  2. What levels of achievement have this age grade association reach in enhancing health and education of the rural people?



This research work focuses on Age Grade Association as an agent of rural development and in view of different age grade association in Eastern or Igbo land, the study has been restricted on the Nkpor Uno in Idemili North Local Government Area in Anambra State with Nkpor Uno age grade as a case study.


  • Rural Development: is a method designed to improve the economic and social lives of the rural dwellers. It involves the extending of development to the poorest in the society.
  • Age Grade: Is regarded as a mates or persons who are born with the same range.
  • Agent: A person or thing that has an important effect on a situation.
  • Self Help: This is a means or strategy by which the inhabitants of the rural area or community co-operatively under take the task of improving their community by using their resources and efforts.




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