Analysis On Leadership Style In The Administration Of Public Service In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Kebbi State Universal Basic Education Board)
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
This study is an Analysis on leadership style in the administration of public service in Nigeria. ( A case study of kebbi State Universal basic education Board)The total population for the study is 200 staff of universal basic education in Kebbi state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made directors, secretaries, senior staff and junior officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
- Background of the study
Leadership all over motivates human relations through relevant administrative styles. The styles according to Mondy & Premeaux, (1993) could be autocratic, democratic, free lead and participative styles of control. Goleman (2000) revealed that in the setting of goals in an establishment or organizations and, for any leaders to achieve results, a distinct administrative style must be applied which could be either coercive leadership styles, authoritative leadership styles, affiliate leadership styles, pace-setting leadership styles, bullying leadership and democratic leadership styles. The different styles always have punching effects on the performance and results in any given establishments or organizations. And, this offers options for managers in switching in-between them to get the best results. Leadership is cardinal to policy conception and implementation. Leadership is about management of things with intuition, foresight and persuasive powers in leading people as well as the instrument of goal achievement. Leadership style is therefore very important in any administration.
The autocratic leaders in one hand is solely responsible for determining policies and goals which may hamper effective service delivery. On the other hand, democracy encourages group participation and involvement in goal setting and determination which in turn leads to effective service delivery whether at any level of governments and establishments and the democratic synergy promotes creative behavior, cooperation, strong work motivation, group-mindedness, and friendliness.
In respect to this, an evaluation and examination of leadership administrative pattern in effective service delivery is very important as it gives room for proper understanding of the significance attached to the leadership personality traits such as intelligence, dependability, skills, technical know-how, political and socio-economic status which are sacrosanct and important prerequisites in determining the performance of a leader in an organization/establishments settings including government departments such as local governments which are principally charged with the responsibility of delivering services to the public (Matshabaphala, 2013). Here, the delivery of services means to meet the necessities and needs of the public but the current situation at the local government is such a perplexing one, leadership should not only be about positions that people occupy but about their actions and what they have to offer to the publics’ then, how to drives the organization/establishments. Matshabaphala, (2013) considered leadership from three different perspectives; one, personal leadership; two, organizational leadership and three, public leadership.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It has been observed that series of contests are confronting leaders in political and organizational settings which has contributed to the downward trend of development and growth. According to Kunle Ajayi (2010) some of the problems with leadership includes lack of developmental and strategic planning in public service, corruption and abuse of office, arrogance of power, power elite collaboration of exploitation, failure of check and balances mechanism and societal indifference which engendered by lack of education and lack of formal stewardship and external monitoring body agency. These problems have been an established phenomenon that have affected better service delivery.
1.3 AIM OF THE STUDY
The main aim of this study is to carry out an analysis on leadership style in the administration of public service in Nigeria, with special reference to Kebbi state universal basic education board.
- OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
- To examine the leadership style prevalent in public service
- To identify the level of quality and quantity of services rendered by the leadership in public service
- To ascertain the relationship between leadership style and staff productivity
- RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What is the leadership style prevalent in public service?
- What is the level of quality and quantity of services rendered by the leadership in public service?
- What is the relationship between leadership style and staff productivity?
1.6 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: There is no level of quality and quantity of services rendered by the leadership in public service.
H1: There is level of quality and quantity of services rendered by the leadership in public service
H02: there is no relationship between leadership style and staff productivity
H2: there is relationship between leadership style and staff productivity
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study will add and contribute to the existing literature on leadership and its impact on staff productivity in public service, especially with regard to the need and expediency for increase productivity in keeping with the latest and current trends of grass root development. Besides, it will be of particular importance to authorities, administrators, lecturers, leaders and staff in the private and public sectors, captain of industries, researchers and students of public administration. On the practical aspect, the study will assist in drawing the attention of governments to the need of increase in productivity of staff in public sector. Finally, it will be a veritable source of reference for policy formulators within and outside the local government area.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers Analysis on leadership style in the administration of public service in Nigeria. ( A case study of kebbi State Universal basic education Board). The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Autocratic leadership refers to giving full empowerment to the leaders with minimal participation from the follower.
Democratic leadership refers to a situation where there is equal work among leaders and followers.
Job satisfaction refers to how people feel about their jobs and different aspects of their jobs.
Leadership style refers to the perceived behavior that a person exhibits when attempting to influence the activities of others.
Laissez-faire-leadership refers to a leadership style in which leaders are hands-off and allow group members to make decisions.