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  • Format: ms-word (doc)
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  • Chapter 1 to 5
  • With abstract, reference and questionnaire
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 3,000

E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State.

Abstract

This study was E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State. The total population for the study is 100 passengers and 100 drivers in Lagos state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up male passengers, female passengers, drivers and conductors were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.

Chapter one

Introduction

1.1Background of the study

The   process   of   rapid   urbanization   has   brought   about   profound   social,   economic   and   technological   changes   posing   new   challenges   in   the   large   urban   systems   of   cities;   that   must   be   better   addressed   and   as   such,     require   a   strong   governance  framework  for  purposes  of  advancing  towards  the  consolidation  of  cities  making   their  urban  infrastructures  more  efficient,  resilient  and  environmentally  sustainable.

Giventhis   background,transportation   is   one   of   the   Large   Urban   Systems   that   has   been   revolutionized  by  the  entry  of  new  information  and  communications  technologies  (ICTs).    In   the  particular  case  of  individual  public  transportation,  apps  on  mobile  devices  have  allowed for  and  have  provided  a  new  peer-­to-peer  transactions  model,  challenging  the  existing  way   of  doing  business.    Likewise,   these   technological  innovations  have  brought  implications   for   the   current   regulatory   framework   that   has  governed   taxi   systems  in   cities  for   decades.    In   this  context,  Uber  appears  as   the  most   relevant  and  outstanding  case  of   taxi  apps.  Since  it   was   launched,   it   has   caused   uproar   worldwide   in   almost   all   countries   where   Uber   has   entered   the   taxi  market   (Spain,  Canada,  Germany,  Colombia,  France,  Panama,  Mexico,  and   Brazil),   it   has  revolutionized   it   and   has  faced  major   legal   and   regulatory   challenges.    Uber   emerges   as   an  “innovation   disruptive”   business   model   resulting   in   unprecedented   competition  to  the  taxi  industry  and  changing  the  nature  of  traditional  taxi  system.

Technologies are driving an unprecedented wave of innovations in mobility services. Ubiquitous real-time communications and peer-to-peer interaction enabled by mobile computing promise to more effectively match transport supply and demand at low transaction costs, thereby giving rise to numerous new e-hailing services for personal mobility (e.g., Uber, Bridj, SpotHero) and freight delivery (e.g., Post-mates, Roadie). In the long run, the rapidly evolving vehicle automation technology may not only enhance profitability and competitiveness of these on-demand services, but also promote the shift from private car ownership to pay-per-use mobility models (see e.g. Bertoncello and Wee, 2015). It is widely speculated that the future personal travel market may feature new transit services offered by companies that operate a large number of driverless cars. Given its keen interest in driverless car technology6and recently announced partnership with Toyota Inc. on vehicle leasing, there is little doubt that Uber is positioning itself to compete in the above futuristic scenario, so are the other eager players such as GeneralMotor/Lyft8and Apple Inc./Didi(http://www.xiaojukeji.com/).

Despite their strong appeal, the likes of Uber and Bridj still largely rely on the niche market of door-to-door services. To scale up and succeed as a mass transport platform as envisioned above, greater ride consolidation (both temporally and spatially) and trade off between efficiency and level-of-service must be considered. Uber’s recent partnership with Trans Local represents a timely move to this direction. The idea is to integrate e-hailing services into public transportation networks by using e-hailing as a demand-responsive feeder for existing transit services.

Statement of the problem

The purpose of this study is to explore and analyze design options for such an integration. The main question asked here is how a transit operator can best allocate its resources to fixed-route and e-haling services in order to meet demand. It is worth noting that the current line of thinking about integration appears to occur mainly in one direction, where e-hailing services are matched against the operations of fixed-route services. As the proposed Uber partnership puts it, the goal is to provide the users with a “personalized journey that incorporates the optimal combination of walking, transit and Uber”. In contrast, the premise of this paper is that a significant improvement in system efficiency can only be gained when the design and operation of both services are tightly coordinated. In essence, this means that the fixed-route services have to be re-designed in light of enhanced accessibility associated with e-hailing.

Objective of the study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the effect of e-hailing on transportation
  2. To ascertain whether there is disadvantages of e-hailing on transportation
  3. To ascertain whether customers patronize e-hailing then others mean

Research hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0: there is no effect of e-hailing on transportation

H1: there is effect of e-hailing on transportation

H02: there are no disadvantages of e-hailing on transportation

H2: there are disadvantages of e-hailing on transportation

Significance of the study

The study will be very significant to students and transport companies. The study will give a clears insight on the E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State. The study will also serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on the related topic

Scope and limitation of the study

The scope of the study covers E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

 

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS

e-hailing: E-hailing is a process of ordering a car, taxi, limousine, or any other form of transportation pick up via virtual devices: computer or mobile device.

transportation: the action of transporting someone or something or the process of being transported.

urban area: An urban area is an area where many people live and work close together. The population density is higher than in the surrounding area. It is where buildings are close together. Urban is the opposite of rural, where farm lands and nature are. Urban areas are usually cities and towns.

1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

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You are allowed to use the original PDF Research Material Guide you will receive in the following ways:

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