E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State.
This study was E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State. The total population for the study is 100 passengers and 100 drivers in Lagos state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up male passengers, female passengers, drivers and conductors were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
1.1Background of the study
The process of rapid urbanization has brought about profound social, economic and technological changes posing new challenges in the large urban systems of cities; that must be better addressed and as such, require a strong governance framework for purposes of advancing towards the consolidation of cities making their urban infrastructures more efficient, resilient and environmentally sustainable.
Giventhis background,transportation is one of the Large Urban Systems that has been revolutionized by the entry of new information and communications technologies (ICTs). In the particular case of individual public transportation, apps on mobile devices have allowed for and have provided a new peer-to-peer transactions model, challenging the existing way of doing business. Likewise, these technological innovations have brought implications for the current regulatory framework that has governed taxi systems in cities for decades. In this context, Uber appears as the most relevant and outstanding case of taxi apps. Since it was launched, it has caused uproar worldwide in almost all countries where Uber has entered the taxi market (Spain, Canada, Germany, Colombia, France, Panama, Mexico, and Brazil), it has revolutionized it and has faced major legal and regulatory challenges. Uber emerges as an “innovation disruptive” business model resulting in unprecedented competition to the taxi industry and changing the nature of traditional taxi system.
Technologies are driving an unprecedented wave of innovations in mobility services. Ubiquitous real-time communications and peer-to-peer interaction enabled by mobile computing promise to more eﬀectively match transport supply and demand at low transaction costs, thereby giving rise to numerous new e-hailing services for personal mobility (e.g., Uber, Bridj, SpotHero) and freight delivery (e.g., Post-mates, Roadie). In the long run, the rapidly evolving vehicle automation technology may not only enhance proﬁtability and competitiveness of these on-demand services, but also promote the shift from private car ownership to pay-per-use mobility models (see e.g. Bertoncello and Wee, 2015). It is widely speculated that the future personal travel market may feature new transit services oﬀered by companies that operate a large number of driverless cars. Given its keen interest in driverless car technology6and recently announced partnership with Toyota Inc. on vehicle leasing, there is little doubt that Uber is positioning itself to compete in the above futuristic scenario, so are the other eager players such as GeneralMotor/Lyft8and Apple Inc./Didi(http://www.xiaojukeji.com/).
Despite their strong appeal, the likes of Uber and Bridj still largely rely on the niche market of door-to-door services. To scale up and succeed as a mass transport platform as envisioned above, greater ride consolidation (both temporally and spatially) and trade oﬀ between eﬃciency and level-of-service must be considered. Uber’s recent partnership with Trans Local represents a timely move to this direction. The idea is to integrate e-hailing services into public transportation networks by using e-hailing as a demand-responsive feeder for existing transit services.
Statement of the problem
The purpose of this study is to explore and analyze design options for such an integration. The main question asked here is how a transit operator can best allocate its resources to ﬁxed-route and e-haling services in order to meet demand. It is worth noting that the current line of thinking about integration appears to occur mainly in one direction, where e-hailing services are matched against the operations of ﬁxed-route services. As the proposed Uber partnership puts it, the goal is to provide the users with a “personalized journey that incorporates the optimal combination of walking, transit and Uber”. In contrast, the premise of this paper is that a signiﬁcant improvement in system eﬃciency can only be gained when the design and operation of both services are tightly coordinated. In essence, this means that the ﬁxed-route services have to be re-designed in light of enhanced accessibility associated with e-hailing.
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the effect of e-hailing on transportation
- To ascertain whether there is disadvantages of e-hailing on transportation
- To ascertain whether customers patronize e-hailing then others mean
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no effect of e-hailing on transportation
H1: there is effect of e-hailing on transportation
H02: there are no disadvantages of e-hailing on transportation
H2: there are disadvantages of e-hailing on transportation
Significance of the study
The study will be very significant to students and transport companies. The study will give a clears insight on the E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State. The study will also serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on the related topic
Scope and limitation of the study
The scope of the study covers E-Hailing and Urban Public Transportation in Lagos State. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
e-hailing: E-hailing is a process of ordering a car, taxi, limousine, or any other form of transportation pick up via virtual devices: computer or mobile device.
transportation: the action of transporting someone or something or the process of being transported.
urban area: An urban area is an area where many people live and work close together. The population density is higher than in the surrounding area. It is where buildings are close together. Urban is the opposite of rural, where farm lands and nature are. Urban areas are usually cities and towns.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study