Effectiveness of Information Communication Technology in teaching and learning Economics in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta state
This study is on effectiveness of information technology in teaching and learning economics in Ethiope east local government. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary school in Ethiope East local government of Delta state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals, vice principals adm, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
- Background of the study
Everyone wants education to make difference in the lives of the citizens of this country. This difference should affect their skills, knowledge, dispositions and habits. (Dimkpa, 2011). The world is experiencing dramatic changes brought about by the use of information and communication technology (ICT) via computers internet and communication technologies (Ezeocha 2012). There is evidence that information communication technology (ICT) is having in positive impact on education (and training in schools). However, this depends on a lot on how ICT is being used in educational institutions and by learners, also outside educational setting. It is general learners, promotes change and foster the development of 21st century skills (Odunta, 2011). ICT has thus not (yet) been able to revolutionize teaching and learning. In order to understand the impact of ICT in teaching and learning, a holistic approach is needed that takes into account the socio economic context, the learning environment and the learner.
Furthermore, it includes looking at future learning needs, changing skills and competencies necessary for employment, self-development and participation in a knowledge based, digital society. Information and communication technology are seen as a diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, create, disseminate, store and manage information (Adesina, 2002). Information and communication technology (ICT) is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing. Radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network, hardware and soware, satellite systems as well as the various services and application associated with them such as video conferencing and distance learning. (Cornwal, 2009). According to Anikpo (2011), information and communication technology refers to the convergence of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cabling or link system.
In the past few decades, information and communication technologies have provided society with a vast array of new communication capabilities, for example, people can communicate with others in dierent countries using technologies such as instant messaging, voice over IP (VOIP) and video-conferencing, social networking, facebook allow users from all over the world to remain in contact and communicate on a regular basis. Modern information and communication technologies have created a “global village” in which people can communicate with others across the world as if they were living next door. For this reason, ICT is oen studied in the context of how modern communication technologies aect society. According to Uwaje (2011:10) “the impact of 21st century information society will create new world, redefined the way we live, work and think, we therefore owe it as a duty not only to ourselves but also to future generation of Nigerian’s to recognize the place and influence of information technology in teaching of economics both in secondary schools and tertiary institutions”. The introduction of information and communication technology in the teaching and learning of economics has witnessed a tremendous change in its methods and practices. ICT material has helped in the teaching of economics through the use of projectors and computers. ICT also hap in motivating, engaging the learner and offering personal approaches to learning. It developed collaborative and team working skills and unleashing creativity in learning. Research studies of ICT use in economics education have shown that ICT empowers students and allow them access to the discipline. (Behling, 2004).
Various types of ICT tools are used in economics course, tutorial, testing, stimulation/game, database, spreadsheet, and tools of local area network and the internet. Each provides opportunities for students to think in an economic way and provide students with learner autonomy that is crucial to the learning process.
Statement of the Problem
Globalization and innovation in technology have led to an increased used of ICT in all sectors and education is no exception. Uses of ICT in education are widespread and are continually growing worldwide. The prevalence and utilization of ICT in education has brought about radical changes in the teaching and learning of economics. Thus the use of ICT facilities has posed a very big challenge to teachers and students which include; Shortage of manpower for effective utilization of software and maintenance. Qualified programmers, engineers and technicians are equally difficult to find and when they are found, the (public) education sector cannot word to retain them as competition from the private sector is fierce. This lack of manpower breeds a compendium of other problems; teachers can only pass on skills and ideas to the learners, if they are masters of their trade and they are the cutting edge of knowledge in the discipline. This is unfortunately the case here in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta state., most teachers in our secondary schools have minimal or low ICT skills and hardly use existing opportunities to develop them.
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study
- To ascertain the level of exposure of students and teachers to ICT
- To ascertain the effect of ICT in teaching and learning of Economic
- To investigate the impact of ICT on students’ performance in economics
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: There is no effect of ICT in teaching and learning of Economic
H1: there is effect of ICT in teaching and learning of Economic
H02: there is no impact of ICT on students’ performance in economics
H2: there is impact of ICT on students’ performance in economics
Significance of the study
This research study is significant because, firstly, it creates an interactive medium which will enhance self learning culture, it will also motivate students to learn and encourage students participation in classroom activities because both psychomotor and auditory skills activity will be used.
Secondly, it sensitized teachers and students in the need to be ICT (computer) literate for personal and professional competence in this era of globalization
Lastly, it provides information on the influence of ICT on teaching and learning of economics and other subjects
Scope and limitation of the study
The scope of the study covers effectiveness of Information Communication Technology in teaching and learning Economics in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta state. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
Operational Definitions of Terms
ICT: Information and Communication Technology or “ICT,” includes products that store, process, transmit, convert, duplicate, or receive electronic information. Electronic textbooks, instructional software, email, chat, and distance learning programs are also examples of ICT
Teaching: the occupation, profession, or work of a teacher.
Learning: Learning is the process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals, and some machines; there is also evidence for some kind of learning in certain plants
Economic: Definition of economic. 1a : of, relating to, or based on the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services economic growth. b : of or relating to an economy a group of economic advisers. c : of or relating to economics economic theories.