The Role Of The Internet In Distance Learning Education (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ABUJA CENTRE FOR DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATION, ABUJA).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
CHAPTER ONE 1
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 3
1.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY 4
1.3 METHODOLOGY 4
1.4 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS 4
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS 4
CHAPTER TWO 6
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 OTHER RELATED STUDIES 8
2.2 HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNET 10
2.3 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DISTANCE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA 11
2.4 CENTRE FOR DISTANCE LEARNING AND CONTINUING EDUCATION (CDLCE), UNIVERSITY OF ABUJA 14
2.5 GENERAL OVERVIEW OF THE ROLE OF THE INTERNET IN DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATION 15
2.6 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE INTERNET IN DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATION 17
CHAPTER THREE 20
3.0 INTRODUCTION TO DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS 20
3.1 DATA COLLECTION 20
3.1.1 OBSERVATION METHOD 21
3.1.2 INTERVIEW 21
3.1.3 QUESTIONNAIRES 22
3.2 DATA ANALYSIS 23
3.2.1 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS 23
3.3 PRESENTATION OF RESULT 24
3.4 GENERAL OBSERVATION 41
CHAPTER FOUR 42
4.0 SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION 42
4.1 SYSTEM DESIGN TOOLS 42
4.1.1 FLOWCHART 42
4.1.2 SYSTEM REQUIREMENT 45
4.2 SYSTEM CODING AND TESTING 46
4.2.1 SYSTEM CODING 46
4.2.2 SYSTEM TESTING 46
4.3 SYSTEM DOCUMENTATION 47
4.4 SAMPLE RESULTS 47
4.4.1 THE SPLASH SCREEN 47
4.4.2 LOGIN FORM 48
4.4.3 RESPONDENTS’ FORMS 49
4.4.4 ADMINISTRATOR’S MAIN PAGE 51
4.4.5 SECTION A, B AND C DATABASE RECORD 52
4.4.6 SECTION A, B AND C ANALYSIS FORM 53
4.4.7 SECTION A, B AND C DATA REPORT 55
CHAPTER FIVE 57
5.0 SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION 57
5.1 SUMMARY 57
5.2 RECOMMENDATIONS 58
5.3 CONCLUSION 59
APPENDICES A 63
APPENDICES B 65
Distance learning is an excellent method of reaching learners that are separated both by distance and time from a source of information. The structure of distance learning gives students the greatest possible control over the time, place and pace of education system. To be effective, distance education programs need to redefine the roles of the Internet in learning-teaching process.
This study is aimed at exploring the role of the Internet in distance learning education, using University of Abuja as a case study. To achieve the study aim and objectives, questionnaires were distributed to respondents as a method of data collection, the collected questionnaires were analysed and a program was designed to represent this study as a computerised system.
The invention and development of the Internet was the biggest discovery by mankind in the 20th century that leads to a revolution. Today, the Internet is used by more than 50% of the world population as its applications are found in nearly every fields of life: be it communication, knowledge, news, shopping, sport, marketing, entertainment, education, etc.
Internet is a global information system that allows resources sharing, data communication, instant connectivity and interconnection of computer networks. According to Rosenberg (2001), “the Internet is the most remarkable technological breakthrough of the 1990s. And it will continue to play an important role in transforming higher education”.
The Internet which was originated to aid computer scientists and researchers to interact with colleagues has today grown in a tremendous way that it has almost become an inevitable tool both to individual using it to gather all manner of information for personal consumption and corporate organizations; the academia and other research oriented bodies are not left out either, (Uche, 2011). This network has been pioneering the development in web- based learning and distance education.
Distance Education also referred to as Distance Learning is a system of education that focuses on teaching methods and technology with the aim of delivering teaching, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional educational setting such as a classroom. It has been described as a process to create and provide access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance. Jegede (2003) defined distance education as education provided by a mode other than the conventional face-to-face method whose goals are similar to and just as noble and practical as those of on-campus full time face-to-face education.
Distance education is expanding rapidly as it gains worldwide acceptance by students, educational institutions, employer organizations, and the public at large. It makes education accessible to underserved populations, and flexible in fitting into complex lifestyles, schedules, and responsibilities of today’s learners. The quality of Distance Education is no longer in question, and focus has moved beyond defining what it is to determining what it can do.
In distance education, interactivity has become an integral part of Internet learning environments. This may include interaction between students and the informational materials, between students and their teacher, and between students (Dempsey, et al., 2002). And this interaction leads to cooperation, and cooperation to better learning.
Internet-based distance learning service offers a host of ideas, a broad array of information and interactive opportunities to educators and students using any of the following forms: electronic mail/electronic discussion group, bulletin boards/newsgroups for discussion of special topics, interactive tutorials on the web, real time interactive conferencing using MOO (multi-user Object Oriented) Systems or Internet Relay Chat, intranets, the use of online database, library catalogues and website to acquire information and pursue research related to study.
However Internet can also be used to offer other services like online registration of students and courses, online examination, computer conferencing, downloading of course materials or tutorials, and even to access the academics calendar of a particular institution of learning.
This study presents a critical review of several key issues about the role of the Internet in distance learning education, and aim at helping course designers, researchers, teachers, and even students to make better decisions in the new domain. In addition, it discusses several important questions and suggests promising research directions for the future.
The major aims and objectives of this study is to find out the role of the Internet in distance learning education so as to determine whether distance learning is better off using traditional means of education which is face-to-face, with the teacher and the learner regularly interacting or using the Internet services.
Other objectives include:
- To determine the usefulness of Internet in distance learning education.
- To ascertain the level of computerization /automation of distance learning service.
- To acquire information and pursue research related to study.
- To determine the challenges associated with the application of the Internet in distance learning education.
The significance of this study is to find out the role Internet has played or can play in university of Abuja distance learning education. This study will be of great help to both students and teachers in the education sector most especially the university system, and the output will serve as a blueprint for libraries, lecturers, students, information managers/information scientists and even other researchers in the field of study.
For the purpose of this research work, both the primary and secondary sources of data collection will be used. Interview and questionnaire will be administered as a primary source to extract the necessary information that will be useful in this research work.
And the secondary source will include the use of books, journals, seminar papers and other relevant source which may include the use of the Internet, encyclopaedia and many more.
This research work is based on the role of the Internet in distance learning education using University of Abuja as a case study, and will only cover literatures published from 1993 till date.
Some terminologies are used in this project and few of those terms are defined below;
- Computer: an electronic device that accepts, processes, stores, and outputs data at high speeds according to programmed instructions.
- Computer conferencing: method of communicating via computers network at the same time (synchronous) or delayed time (asynchronous), either as a group or between two individuals. Typical formats include email, bulletin board, threaded discussion, net meeting (with the possibility of audio, video, and shared “blackboard” displays), and databases.
- Distance learning: form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication.
- Instruction: the action, practice, or profession of teaching.
- Internet: an electronic communications network that connects computer networks and organizational computer facilities around the world.
- Virtual learning: is a term frequently used interchangeably with distance learning, online learning, web-based learning or e-learning. Is referred to the intentional use of networked information and communications technology in teaching and learning.