EFFECTS OF ICT ON TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS IN THE 21ST CENTURY
This study was on effects of ICT on teaching and learning process in the 21st century. Three objectives were raised which included: To find out the effect on ICT on teaching and learning process in 21st century, to find out the characteristics of 21st century teaching and learning and to find out the effect of ICT on the academic performance of student. A total of 77 responses were received and validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents were drawn from selected secondary schools in Uyo. Hypothesis was tested using Chi-Square statistical tool (SPSS).
1.1Background of the study
Education is among the utmost significant requirements for the prosperity for an individual and public. Along these lines, education is an amazing tool of political, social, and fiscal advancement, deprived of which neither a person nor a public can achieve proficient development. Various authors have characterized ICT
Oliver & Chapman, Owolabi et al., (2013) also considered it as the innovation, which supports actions connecting the creation, manipulation, storage and transmission of information (principally computing, electronic and electronic communication) together with their related method management and applications. The concept ICT could be assembled to mean the new media apparatuses applied to information administration conveyance, which incorporates to gather, sort out, recover, spread and safeguard information. It commonly concurs that information is the communication of information, thoughts, qualities, and conventions. Information and communication technology along these lines fills in as the ability to assist social orders with accomplishing more prominent access to information and thoughts. It likewise permits new, quicker and better techniques for instructing and learning forms.
ICT is an irreplaceable piece of the modern world. Indeed, society and tradition must be changed in accordance with address the difficulties of the information age. ICT is a control that has changed several parts of individuals’ lifestyles. Thinking about such fields as teaching, learning, tourism, transportation, medicine, banking, business, law, architecture and manufacturing the outcome of ICT in the previous a few periods has been huge. The manner in which these fields work currently is immeasurably exclusive in relation to the manner in which they worked previously. By and by, on the off chance that one ganders at the education division, there appears to have little effect on ICT application and far less shift than have been observed in various fields. Nevertheless, numerous individuals have endeavored to explore this absence of action and influence (Soloway & Pryor, cited in Collis, 2002). Inescapable impact of ICT has achieved a quick innovative, social, political and monetary change, which has prepared to arrange society, composed round ICT. The area of instruction has not been genuine by the entering impact of ICT. Nonetheless, ICT has hugely added to the worth and amount of learning, teaching, and research in usual and distance education colleges. ICT improvements teaching and learning over its dynamic intelligent and connecting with content and gives genuine chances to individualization of studies.
Kirschner and Weperies, cited in Yusuf et al., (2013) state that ICT can make the school increasingly effective and gainful, by sorting out an assortment of apparatuses to improve and encourage educators’ expert exercises. Yusuf and Onasanya (2004) discussed that ICT gives chances to the school to speak with each other through email, chat room Conferencing, mailing list and different communication facilities. The three significant explanations behind ICT in education. They are in any case, proposed that it is an device for tending to difficulties in instructional situations; a change operator; and a focal power in economic seriousness. As an instrument for tending to difficulties in technology and processes of learning has the ability for conveyance, the board, and backing of viable learning and teaching. As a change driving, it is fit for varying the content, techniques and various worth and amount of learning and teaching; in this manner, lessening instructors’ outstanding task and guaranteeing constructivist request situated study room, (Honey & Mandinach, 2003). In addition, ICT a focal power in monetary and social moves that have technology abilities basic to the future work of the present learners. Thierer, Yusuf et. al., (2013) stated the role of technology in learning and teaching is quickly getting one of the most significant and broadly talked about issues in contemporary education approach
Statement of the problem
Specialists in the fields of education have concurred that, if ICT is appropriately utilized, it holds an extraordinary guarantee to improve teaching and learning notwithstanding forming workforce openings. Along these lines, this research set out to fundamentally evaluate the job of ICT as a change driving instruments for tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Most learners find ICT tools highly appropriate in that they are motivated to do assignments; teachers see that ICT empowers learners with special needs or difficulties. It also helps to reduce the social differences among learners as they work in groups to accomplish a specific undertaking. Equally, learners accept obligations when using ICT to carry out their activities via computerized portfolios or undertakings. In addition, the research has shown that ICT affects educators and methods of teaching significantly. Based on this background the researcher wants to investigate effect of ICT on teaching and learning process in the 21st century
Objective of the study
The objectives of the study are;
- To find out the effect on ICT on teaching and learning process in 21st century
- To find out the characteristics of 21st century teaching and learning
- To find out the effect of ICT on the academic performance of student
The following research hypotheses are formulated to guide the study:
H1: there is no effect on ICT on teaching and learning process in 21st century
H2: there is no effect of ICT on the academic performance of student
Significance of the study
The study will be very significant students, ministry of education and the policy makers. The study will give a clear insight on the effects of ICT on teaching and learning process in the 21st century. The will provide the necessary benefits of using ICT in teaching and learning. The study will also serve as a reference to other researcher that will embark on the related topic
Scope and limitation of the study
The scope of the study covers effects of ICT on teaching and learning process in the 21st century. The study will be limited secondary schools in Uyo
Limitations/constraints are inevitable in carrying out a research work of this nature. However, in the course of this research, the following constraints were encountered thus:
- Non-availability of enough resources (finance): A work of this nature is very tasking financially, money had to be spent at various stages of the research such resources which may aid proper carrying out of the study were not adequately available.
- Time factor: The time used in carrying out the research work is relatively not enough to bring the best information out of it. However, I hope that the little that is contained in this study will go a long way in solving many greater problems.