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Evaluating the Effect of Administrative Planning Processes on Teaching and Learning Outcomes Outcome in Selected Faculties in University of Ilorin

 

ABSTRACT

This research work investigated evaluating the effect of administrative planning processes on teaching and learning outcomes outcome in selected faculties in university of Ilorin. The research was conducted using the descriptive survey research design. The total population of the study was 690 made up of 187 Deans, 315 Quality Assurance Officers, and 188 Department of Policy Implementation Officials. A sample of67 Deans, 113 QAO’s and 68 DPI officials were selected for the study using simple random sampling technique. Forty item  self-structured questionnaire tagged „‟Influence of Administrative planning processes on Teaching and learning outcomes Questionnaire‟‟ (IMESTLQ) was used as instrument for collection of data using Likert rating scale of Strongly Agreed(SA), Agreed(A), Undecided (U), Disagreed (D), and Strongly Disagreed (SD). The instrument was validated by the supervisors in the Department and the final draft copy was pilot-tested. The result of r=0.84 revealed it was reliable. The mean scores, percentages and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the hypotheses were tested using one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the findings led to retention of all the hypotheses. The study revealed that administrative planning processes by the Deans, QAO’s and DPI officials have great influence on teaching and learning outcomes in Selected faculties in University of Ilorin. This is as a result of regular quality assurance exercise. Recommendations made include that, Quality Assurance Officers, Department of Policy Implementation and Deans of Schools should intensify efforts on continuous appraisal of school system.Furthermore, ContinuousAssessment of school records by quality assurance officers, DPI and Deans, would enhance teaching and learning outcomes in University of Ilorin. As such these activities should be emphasised in the course of school supervision, inspection and monitoring,Assessment of lesson plans and notes should be prime activities of Quality Assurance Officer, DPI and Deans. It should be featured in their instructional supervision process, and Continuous assessment records should feature prominently in the instructional supervision process of Quality Assurance Officers, DPI and Deans of schools. Suggestions for further studies were made for the actualisation of Nigerian educational system.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Education is a vital tool for national development which is only attainable through the school system. It produces the human capital that utilizes all other factors of production in order to yield desired output towards nation building. Teaching and learning outcomes is a process that can only be efficient when there is an effective mechanism for checks and balances, such as effective the administrative planning processes.  Monitoring has to do with intermittent and careful watch and check on something over a period of time in order to see how it develops, so that one can make necessary changes. Evaluation, on the other hand, has to do with critical assessment of a planned programme so as to ascertain the level of attainment of set goals and objectives. It is a mechanism for providing feedback for students, lecturers and policy makers. Through evaluation, diagnosis is made of short falls in the programme so as to draw up corrective measures to improve on it. The administrative planning processes, therefore, is a veritable tool through which the school system can be highly improved. It is through this medium that school supervisors and inspectors otherwise known as quality assurance officers, ensure that classroom instruction are improved because lecturers are made to be more alive towards their responsibilities. Thus, enhancing on their competencies and make them more accountable. The essence of monitoring and supervision is basically to ensure day to day effective implementation of curriculum in our schools. The administrative planning processes adopts varying strategies in order to achieve the objectives it is purported to achieve, amongst which are: regular appraisal of the school system through quality assurance inspection, school records assessment, ensuring that lesson notes and plans are scrutinised before lesson delivery, use of continuous assessment for students to ascertain their level of performance, annual performance assessment of lecturers as a yardstick for promotion from one grade level to another.

The the administrative planning processes and the DPI unit of the FCDA Education Secretariat perform same function as the former inspectorate division. However, despite efforts to correct anomalies with regards to the quality of teaching and learning outcomes in Ilorin schools, through the establishment of the administrative planning processes unit, much seemed to be desired. Performances of students in internal and external examinations are not very impressive and lecturers‟ productivity is dwindling. This calls for the need to try to correct the situation before it completely gets out of hand. This is what prompted this study. Thus, the study „Influence of administrative planning processes on teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin in Ilorin‟ is an attempt to closely investigate how the administrative planning processes influences teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin in the Ilorin. This is with a view to provide information that would further enhance role performance of the administrative planning processes and subsequently facilitate effective teaching and learning outcomes in Selected faculties in University of Ilorin.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Over the years, Nigeria has witnessed with pain and anguish, series of disheartening images emerging from its educational system. The students‟ educational performance has been on the declining plane (Olaofe, 2005). The second half of 1950s to the late 70s can be described as the golden age of Nigeria educational development (Ojo, 1996). The standard of education at all levels of the country’s educational system was relatively high. However, the same cannot be said today.

The changes seem to have started very gradually from 70s, worsened in the 80s and have now reached an alarming proportion. The number of candidates registering for WAEC/SSCE has increased geometrically while the number of such candidates who pass with 5 credits and above including Mathematics and English language has invariably declined (Inuwa, 2007).

Central Bank of Nigeria (1995) summarised the causes of these` marked decline in the educational performance to include shortage of qualified lecturers, inadequate financial and  infrastructural facilities, deteriorating moral values in the society, including the government and the school misplaced priority as a result of inadequate the administrative planning processes of the system.

In the Ilorin there are various institutions charged with the the administrative planning processes of educational system. These include those officers in the Department of Policy Implementation (DPI), those in the Quality Assurance Unit and the Deans of faculties. A cross examination of those educational quality control shows that, they all have common objectives: to inspect schools and their records such as lesson notes, curriculum content to ensure quality of teaching/ learning and promote better educational performance in our schools.

How has the efforts of these monitoring officers influenced the performance of the lecturers in Ilorin in terms of teaching/learning? Are the various school records such as lesson notes, diaries and curriculum assessment effectively monitored and appropriately kept?

This scenario has made many Nigerians particularly the stakeholders feel concerned about the state of the education system. It is against this background that the researcher ventured into conducting this study on the influence of administrative planning processes on teaching and learning outcomes in selected faculties in University of Ilorin. This is to enable those involved in the educational delivery services find the adequacy and other wise of the inspectors, school records, lesson notes/plans, continuous assessment and their influence on teaching and learning outcomes.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The study was set to achieve the following objectives:

  1. to determine the influence of appraisal of school  systems performance on teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin of Ilorin; ii.  to examine the influence of school record assessment on teaching and learning outcomes in

Selected faculties in the University of Ilorin;  iii. to find out the influence of assessment of lesson plans and notes on teaching and learning outcomes in Selected faculties in University of Ilorin; and iv. to ascertain the influence of continuous assessment on teaching and learning outcomes in

Selected faculties in University of Ilorin.

1.4 Research Questions

The researcher attempted to find answers to the following questions:

  1. In what ways does appraisal of school system influence teaching and learning outcomes in selected faculties in University of Ilorin? ii. What are the influence of school records assessment on teaching and learning outcomes in selected faculties in University of Ilorin?
  • To what extent does assessment of lesson plans and notes influence teaching and learning outcomes in selected faculties in University of Ilorin?
  1. How does continuous assessment influence teaching and learning outcomes in selected faculties in University of Ilorin?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were postulated and tested:

  1. There is no significant difference in the opinions of Deans, Quality Assurance Officials and Department of Policy Implementation Officials on the influence of appraisal of school system on teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin, Ilorin. ii. There is no significant difference in the opinions of Deans, Quality Assurance Officials and Department of Policy Implementation Officials on the influence of assessment of school records on teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
  • There is no significant difference in the opinions of Deans, Quality Assurance Officials and Department of Policy Implementation Officials on the influence of assessment of lesson plans/notes on teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin, Ilorin.
  1. There is no significant difference in the opinions of Deans, Quality Assurance Officials and Department of Policy Implementation Officials on the influence of continuous assessment on teaching and learning outcomes in selected faculties in University of Ilorin.

1.6 Basic Assumptions

This study was conducted on the basis that:

  1. The administrative planning processes are vital components of school and educational system for high performance in selected faculties in University of Ilorin.
  2. The administrative planning processess are vital components of school and educational system in terms of school record assessment in the University of Ilorin of Ilorin iii. The administrative planning processes are vital components of school and educational system in terms of the assessment of lesson plans and notes in the University of Ilorin  of Ilorin iv. The administrative planning processes are vital components of school and educational system in terms of continuous assessment in selected faculties in University of Ilorin.

 

1.7 Significance of the Study

This study is an attempt to examine the influence of the administrative planning processes in teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin in Ilorin. It will go a long way in providing information that will be utilized by an array of personalities such as officials of department of policy and implementation, quality assurance officers and Deans of departments. The study will provide information that will assist planners and administrators in the decision making process, particularly as it pertains to recruitment, posting of staff to take charge of the administrative planning processes in respective schools. The study will help them to see areas of lapses in relation to the administrative planning processes in the University of Ilorin. The study will provide feedback mechanism to officials of DPI and QAO on how they fare in their the administrative planning processes activities. It will provide the Deans with necessary information that will enable them fortify their position towards effective the administrative planning processes in their respective schools.

1.8 Scope of the Study

The study is on the influence of the administrative planning processes on teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin in Ilorin. It attempted to find out whether or not the administrative planning processes have influence on teaching and learning outcomes in the University of Ilorin of Ilorin. The study involved school administrators (Deans), Officers of Department of Policy and Implementation and Quality Assurance Officers of Ilorin.

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