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Abstract on History Of Transportation In Abuja Metropolis

Transportation in Abuja is faced with various challenges such as long queue of passengers, long waiting time, stampeding, loss of valuables as a result of struggling for buses and lateness to work. This study examines the historical perspective of transportation in Abuja metropolis. Primary and Secondary sources were major source of data collection, data collected were on the commuters waiting time at the bus stops, their level of satisfaction, reasons for patronizing urban transport scheme as well as records from Abuja Urban Mass Transit were used. The research reveals that the bus stops were not adequate, the buses are inadequate and the few available ones are over-loaded resulting to commuters standing, thereby leading to poor services rendered.

Table of contents on History Of Transportation In Abuja Metropolis

Title page

Approval page




Table of content



1.1        Background of the study

1.2        Statement of problem

1.3        Objective of the study

1.4        Research Hypotheses

1.5        Significance of the study

1.6        Scope and limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

1.8       Organization of the study




3.0        Research methodology

3.1    sources of data collection

3.3        Population of the study

3.4        Sampling and sampling distribution

3.5        Validation of research instrument

3.6        Method of data analysis



4.1 Introductions

4.2 Data analysis


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation

Chapter One on History Of Transportation In Abuja Metropolis


  • Background of the study

Accessibility according to Richardson and Young (1981) can be defined as the ease of getting to a place and as “nearness to place or nearness to activities”, as such it can be measured in relation to distance-socially, economically, and physically. Martinez (2000) and Wegener (1996) considered accessibility as one of the important factor in shaping land use patterns, this is because, individual will base their decisions of where to reside (or where to locate their businesses) on the ease of accessing the services they desire; therefore, making it an important consideration in the planning and development of policies associated with transport, and in determining land use configurations within urban space. Within the framework of transportation planning, Niemeir (1997) noted that accessibility can be defined as the ease with which desired destinations can be reached. Although the nexus between accessibility and transportation planning is well acknowledged in literature, a major problem usually encountered in quantitative study of commuters‟ access to public transport is that of deciding what constitute factors and the yardstick to determine the level of accessibility. However, Ahmed (2005), Abumere (1993) and Sumaila (1989) opined that accessibility should be defined in broad sense which include indicators that measure the physical, economic, social and other aspects. Mfinanga and Ocheng (2006) defined public transport access level as the overall measured or perceived performance of the public transport system from the viewpoint of the commuters, this can be used to denote the ease of getting to and quality of service derived from the operational characteristics of transportation facilities. This reflects the degree to which transit service is available to a given location and the comfort and convenience of the service provided to commuters (Papacostas and Prevedouros (2008), Qualtro (2004) highlighted the indices of an accessible public transport system to include: 1. Safety 2. Reliability 3. Comfort 4. Availability 5. Public transport fare 6. Distance to access points and convenience. The road-based transportation which is dominant mode of urban commuting in Nigeria is continuously deteriorating, the quantity and quality of all related service and infrastructures have been on the decline and the cost of vehicle maintenance is increasing (Ashiodu (2011), Amiegbebhor (2009) Oyesiku, 2002). Pederson (1980) asserts that cities are creatures of transport system, and Ogunsanya (2002) observed that transport is the “maker and breaker of cities”, as the same transport that makes a city could also destroy and stagnate it if it is not effectively planned and managed. The spatial location of life enhancing activities in urban centers brought about the increasing need for people to travel to work, school, and shopping centers in order to satisfy their daily needs. Overcoming the distance separating them from their activities requires a means of movement, and the majority without personal vehicles must make use of public transport for such journey (Oluwole and Ojekunle, 2016). This study investigates the critical factors among many others which largely influence commuters‟ access to public transport service in the Abuja, FCT-Nigeria. LITERATURE REVIEW Fundamentally, urban transportation seeks to link residents and employment as well as producer and users Oluwole 299 of goods and services. The demand for public transport in most Nigerian cities is projected to be on the increase because large proportions of urban residents are lowincome earners who cannot afford personal vehicles. Mabogunje (2008) pointed out that the estimate of transport demands in metropolitan Lagos in the 1990 range from 7 to 10 million passenger trips daily out of which over 95% are undertaken by road, primarily by car bus and taxi. The current available means of public transport are very few and limited especially when compared with what is obtains in developed countries of Europe and America where trains are used for intra and inter urban movement (Sumaila, 2004). Adasanya (2011) observed that cities across the world are in a state of rapid transition, the inability and sustainability of these cities are intrinsically interwoven with not only the degree of efficiency and effectiveness with which existing transport capacity is managed but also how well intermediate and future transportation plans and programmes are articulated, laid out, and implemented in order to meet the needs of the people. The spatial structure of cities especially in developing countries is highly varied and complex, some areas are adequately provided with services and facilities while in other area is grossly inadequate (Oluwole 2016 and Ogwude (2011). The variation in the spatial structure results in different socio-economic characteristics of urban dwellers with strong challenges of getting equal and efficient urban service for the disadvantaged. The quality of life in most cities is poor and closely related to accessibility to alternative employment, education and medical facilities, essential public services and nature of recreational open spaces (Vasconcellos 2011). A comparison of government and private operation of public transport operations in Nigeria shows that the state and local government public transport are more organized while private sector operators are largely unorganized. Government-owned public transport have better trained staff and maintenance facilities than most of the private sector operators; their service are often provided on fixed routes and are relatively cheaper than those provided by private sector operators. Government owned public transport operator also have service schedules, but in practice are rarely followed because of the inadequacies of vehicle, declining fleet utilization rates, growing competition with private and para-transit operators, poor traffic management, congestion especially during peak travel periods and other problems associated with the operating environment (Umar, 2003).


Assessing and improving quality of service in the urban mass transit holds a high priority for the majority of public transport operators. Furthermore, urban transport operators are forced to place particular emphasis on the monitoring and improvement of the service quality provided in an attempt to address the increasing rate of automobile ownership and the high rate of traffic congestion in the environment, and how to move the sustainability of urban transport system to a high extent. It is in view of the above that the researcher intend to explore the history of transportation in Abuja metropolis.


The main objective of this study is to historically survey the transportation system in Abuja metropolis, but to aid the completion of the study, the researcher intend to achieve the following specific objective;

  1. To examine the effectiveness of the transport system in Abuja metropolis
  2. To examine the role of government in sanitizing transport sector in Abuja metropolis
  • To proffer suggested solutions that will address the challenges encountered in the transport sector in Abuja metropolis

The following research questions were formulated by the researcher to aid the completion of the study

  1. How effective and efficient is the transport system in Abuja metropolis?
  2. Does the government play any role in sanitizing transport sector in Abuja metropolis?
  • Is there any relationship between past approach and current approach to the management of transport system in Abuja metropolis?

It is believed that at the completion of the study, the findings will be of great importance  to the ministry of transport as the study seek to explore the importance of transport sector to the growth and development of Abuja metropolis, the study will also be of great importance to the management of transport company as the study seek to explore the historical perspective of the challenges and effectiveness of transport system in Abuja metropolis so as to aid investment decision in the sector. The study will also be of importance to researchers who intend to embark on a study in a similar topic as the study will serve as a reference point to further studies. Finally, the study will be of significance to lecturers, academia, managers of transport companies and stakeholders in the transport sector, teachers, students and he general public as the study will contribute to the pool of existing literature on the subject matter and also contribute to knowledge


The scope of the study covers history of transportation in Abuja metropolis, but in the cause of the study, there were some constrain that limited the scope of the study;

  1. a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
  2. b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
  3. c) Finance: Limited Access to the required finance makes it difficult to broaden the scope of the study;



History is the study of the past as it is described in written documents Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory.


Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another


Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria, in the middle of the country. The skyline of the city, which was built largely in the 1980s, is dominated by Aso Rock, an enormous monolith. It rises up behind the Presidential Complex, which houses the residence and offices of the Nigerian president in the Three Arms Zone on the eastern edge of the city.



This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study


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