This study was on the role of federal road safety corps on accident reduction on Nigeria road. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up corps commanders, route commanders, senior officers and junior officers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
- Background of the study
The period which appreciate the establishment of Federal Road Safety Commission in 1988,shows that no specific and approved policy action existed to address the carnage on Nigerian roads .However some actions were taken as an attempt to address the issue of road accident in Nigeria .For example shell petroleum development company of Nigeria undertook a Notable efforts to institute a formidable road safety program between 1960 and 1965. Also the Nigerian Army undertook the training of its officers and men on road safety issues in the early period of 1970 which also raised the consciousness of road safety in Nigeria: Consequently the Nigerian Army instituted in 1972 the First Public Road Safety Campaign through an annual Road Safety Week.
The period 1974 marked the beginning of the first deliberate policy on road safety which led to the creation of the National Road Safety Commission (NRSC) by the military government of the time. However the Commissions impact was not felt.In 1977, the Oyo state government made another attempt by setting up a road safety corp which made some impact in the improvements of road safety and road discipline at the local level but was later disbanded by the federal government in 1983.However the increasing rate of road canage precipated the need for the federal government to establish the present Federal Road Safety Corps in 1988 to address the carnage on the highways. Prior to this Nigeria was counted as one of the most road traffic accident (RTA) prone countries worldwide.
The Federal Road Safety Corps is a federal Government Agency vested with the statutory duties to oversee the administration of road safety in Nigeria. It was Founded in 1988, and operates in all states in Nigeria including the Federal Capital Territory.
When the Federal Road Safety Commission (federal road safety corp (FRSC)) of Nigeria was commissioned in 1988, the federal road safety corp (FRSC) became the sole agency with the statutory obligation in Nigeria for road safety management and administration. Its core duties include: ensuring a safe high way for motorists and other road users, checking road worthiness of vehicles, providing the needed recommendation for works and infrastructures to reduce and eliminate accidents on the highways as well as instruct the public and motorist on the need of road discipline on the highways. federal road safety corp (FRSC).gov.ng. The research therefore seeks to investigate the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in reducing accidents on Nigerian roads .A case study of Rivers state.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The increasing trend of road carnage in the nation’s highways precipated the need for the federal government to adopt a credible and effective measure to response to the challenge. Consequently the federal government in 1988 established the Federal Road Safety Commission through Decree No. 45 of the 1988 as amended by Decree 35 of 1992 which is referred to in the statute books as the federal road safety corp (FRSC) Act cap 141 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (LFN). It was Passed by the Nigerian National Assembly as Federal Road Safety Corps (establishment) Act 200 which specifies in clear terms the functions of the Commission to include among others
- Ensuring a safe highway for motorists and other road users.
- Providing Recommendations for works and devices considered significant for the elimination or minimization of road accidents on the highways in all states of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory.
- Providing instruction on road discipline to the public, motorists and other road users.
Therefore in executing this mandate the Commission shall have the power to arrest and prosecute persons considered to have reasonably committed any traffic offence.
However, despite the constitutional role and enabling laws backing the operations of the federal road safety corp (FRSC), it is still perplexing that hugh casualties are still recorded on our roads daily. Consequently the number of accident on our roads remains unimaginable with huge loss of lives and properties amounting to Billions of naira on an annual basis. Therefore the problem confronting the research is to appraise the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in reducing accident on Nigerian roads.
- Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study are;
- To determine the impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating the level of road accident on Nigerian roads with a case appraisal of its role in reducing accident in Nigeria.
- To ascertain the causes of road accident on Nigerian roads
- To the fundamental role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in the reduction of accident on Nigerian roads
1.4 Research Hypothesis
Ho The level of impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating road accident in Nigeria is Low
Hi The level of impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating road accident in Nigeria is high
Ho there is no fundamental role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in the reduction of accident on Nigerian roads
Hii there is fundamental role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in the reduction of accident on Nigerian roads
1.5 Significance of the Study
The study shall elucidate on the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) with a view of determining the inherent deficiency in performing maximally towards mitigating the level of road accident and shall proffer appropriate recommendations
The study shall also serve as a vital source of information to the government and policy makers on issues relevant to the statutory role of the federal road safety corp (FRSC).
1.6 Scope of the Study
The study focuses on the appraisal of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in reducing accident on Nigerian roads with a case study of its role in the reduction of road accident in Rivers state.
1.7 Limitations of the Study
The research was confronted with some constraints regarding logistics and geographical factor
1.8 Definition of Terms
Federal Road Safety Corps is the Government Agency with statutory responsibilities for road safety administration in Nigeria. Founded in 1988, the Federal Road Safety Corps (federal road safety corp (FRSC)) operates in all Nigerian states as well as the Federal Capital Territory. The Federal Road Safety Commission (federal road safety corp (FRSC)) Nigeria. Established in 1988, the federal road safety corp (FRSC) is the lead agency in Nigeria on road safety administration and management. The statutory functions include: Making the highways safe for motorists and other road users as well as checking road worthiness of vehicles, recommending works and infrastructures to eliminate or minimize accidents on the highways and educating motorists and members of the public on the importance of road discipline on the highways. federal road safety corp (FRSC).gov.ng.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
The Federal Road Safety commission (FRSC) is a government agent with statutory responsibility for road safety administration in Nigeria. It was established in 1988. the federal road safety corps (FRSC) operates in all Nigerian states as well as the federal capital territory (FCT) A corps marshal of the FRSC Osita Chidoka (2008) said that 18300 road accidents have claimed 51251 persons injured in Nigeria in the past three years. He further explained errant petroleum tankers drivers were responsible for most of the accident in Nigeria he said that in the first three months of the year 2007, 2119 accidents involving tankers drivers claimed 301 lives meanwhile; one analyst has said the figure of fatalities by the police is a gross under – estimation of the death resulting from accident. Adegbenro (2009) studied the road accidents trends in Nigeria between the period of 1960 and 1989 his study reveal a sharp increase in fatal accident occurrence. Between 1960 and 1969 it was observed that over 18000 death occur as a result of road accidents by the third decade (1980 – 1989) this figure had increase to about five times i.e. more than 9200 death. According to Eke (2001) it has however being observed that most of the factors involving in road accidents are created and control by man. Man initiated the process that may yield a road accidents by traveling, he or she may travel as a pedestrian as a passenger in a vehicle or as the operator of the vehicle. Odero (1998) added that most vehicle operator also fail to ensure the road worthiness of their vehicle before they hit the highway which contributes majorly to road accidents in Nigeria. Occasionally, the vehicle operator fails to adhere to safety regulation for instance, fastening the seatbelt and ensuring safe condition of the vehicles. It has also been observed that during the festival periods and holidays, there are always more vehicles on the Nigeria highways and road, people tend to be rushing to meet certain commitment or to arrive at their destination earlier consequently, there are more accident during theses period than other time. A student, member of the red cross, Miss Kemi Oluwapo said that “road accidents, though labeled accidental, are most time cause by dangerous driving which informs why we keep on having them every day, despite effort by relevant agencies to have them minimized on our road and your surroundings at all times there could be many things going on in traffic all around you, so it is crucial that you pay attention to everything going on around you driving should be your only focus while behind the wheel. Some drivers while on wheels eat their breakfast, drink their coffees, apply their makeup and change their out fits and these are drivers that are involved in accident