Covid-19 Impact on Food Supply

Covid-19 Impact on Food Supply CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The COVID-19 pandemic, which has expanded fast and widely over the world since late 2019, has had far-reaching consequences for food security and nutrition. Through a variety of mechanisms, the growing crisis has impacted food systems and jeopardized people's access to food. We have seen not just a significant interruption in food supply chains as a result of lock-downs induced by the worldwide health crisis, but also a significant global economic downturn.  These crises have led in reduced earnings and rising food costs, placing food out of reach for many people, removing the right to food, and ultimately starvation (Almena, Fryer, & Bakalis, 2019). This pandemic has influenced on all actors in the food chain. Deep global economic shocks caused by...

The Effect of Social Distancing and Constant Hand Washing in Reducing the Spread of Corona Virus (Covid 19) in Nigeria (a Case Study of Abuja)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a novel virus that causes an infectious illness. The corona virus was initially discovered in Wuhan, China, and has since spread to over 70 nations worldwide. The disease is known to cause respiratory sickness (similar to the flu) with symptoms such as cough, fever, exhaustion, and, in more serious instances, trouble breathing and death (Addagarla, 2019). Most health practitioners recommend regular hand washing with clean running water, avoiding touching your face, and avoiding close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with persons who are ill. Since the first case of this virus in Nigeria, the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC, 2021) has outlined some safety measures in order to prevent the virus from spreading and eventually eradicating it completely....

The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic Lockdown on International Students

The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic Lockdown on International Students CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY COVID-19 was first discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and quickly spread over the globe, wreaking havoc on all nations and territories. Over 6 million COVID-19 cases had been documented globally at the time of this research, with over 1,000000 fatalities (Johns Hopkins University, 2020; WHO) (2020). These figures were mind-boggling, and the epidemic became a defining global health disaster in recent memory. According to health professionals, the illness does not discriminate against individuals based on their age, sex, gender, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or other social characteristics (WHO, 2020). Older individuals, low-income families, indigenous peoples, and people with underlying chronic or...

The Impact of Covid-19 Lockdown on Internet Usage

The Impact of Covid-19 Lockdown on Internet Usage CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Even before the government implemented a lockdown to stop the spread of COVID-19, research have shown that most people utilize social media and the internet to cope with low mood and challenging thoughts as a sort of escapism (Király et al., 2020). Escapism is a type of avoidant coping that aims to alleviate stress by leaving unsatisfactory living conditions (Gurbuz, & Ozkan, 2019). According to this study, people use social media platforms like Instagram as a type of escapism. Furthermore, recent studies have shown an increase in nomophobia in Turkish youths (Durak, 2019; Gurbuz & Ozkan, 2020), also known as the fear of being without a mobile phone, a term coined by YouGov UK  in response to increased reports of anxiety disorders...

The Impact of Social Media on Covid-19 Information Dissemination

The Impact of Social Media on Covid-19 Information Dissemination CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Over time, social media has evolved into an active technical tool as well as a news and communication medium for Nigerian citizens. Access to mobile telephony, particularly among digitally aware adolescents, has made information distribution as simple as snapping a finger. As the epidemic has encroached on and emasculated global activities, social media platforms have been used as a source of information for individuals. Its importance has grown as a result of the government's implementation of a lockdown strategy to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 virus. As a result, it has evolved into an active instrument for engagement and communication, disseminating both reasonable and incredulous (mis)information. Social media sites...

The Role Of Covid-19 On The Construction Industry

The Role Of Covid-19 On The Construction Industry CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY COVID-19 has impacted communities all over the world, with over 10.5 million documented cases with a figure that is continuously climbing (WHO 2020). In today's globalized world, there is no location that has not been impacted by the Corona virus (COVID-19) epidemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected almost all commercial, economic, and social activities. According to Osuizugbo  &  Ojelabi, (2020), similarly, the construction and engineering industries are not immune to this crisis; they are also suffering from it. Construction is more important than ever during these challenging times. From erecting hospitals in a matter of days to contributing life-saving equipment, the sector has played a key role in both responding to and...
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